Article

Long-term intellectual and behavioral outcomes of children with febrile convulsions.

Department of Paediatrics, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 51.66). 07/1998; 338(24):1723-8. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199806113382403
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hospital-based studies have reported that children with febrile convulsions have subsequent mental retardation and behavior problems. In contrast, population-based studies have reported a better outcome.
We identified 398 children with febrile convulsions among 14,676 children enrolled in the Child Health and Education Study, a national population-based study in the United Kingdom of children born in one week in April 1970. The children were comprehensively assessed at the age of 10. After excluding 16 children who had neurodevelopmental problems before their first febrile convulsion and 1 child whose case was atypical, we studied 381 children, 287 with simple febrile convulsions and 94 with complex febrile convulsions. We compared them with the rest of the cohort using measures of academic progress, intelligence, and behavior that included questionnaires, standardized tests, and formal tests.
At the 10-year assessment, only 4 of 102 measures of academic progress, intelligence, and behavior differed significantly between the entire group of children with febrile convulsions and the group without febrile convulsions -- no more than would be expected by chance. Similar results were found when children with simple febrile convulsions and those with complex febrile convulsions were analyzed separately. The children with recurrent episodes of febrile convulsions had outcomes similar to those of the children with only one episode each. Special schooling was required for more children who had febrile convulsions in the first year of life than for those who had had them later in life (5 of 67, or 7.5 percent, vs. 4 of 265, or 1.5 percent; P=0.02), but these numbers were small.
Children who had febrile convulsions performed as well as other children in terms of their academic progress, intellect, and behavior at 10 years of age.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
62 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and hippocampal sclerosis (HS) commonly arise following early-life long seizures, and especially febrile status epilepticus (FSE). However, there are major gaps in our knowledge regarding the causal relationships of FSE, TLE, HS and cognitive disturbances that hamper diagnosis, biomarker development and prevention. The critical questions include: What is the true probability of developing TLE after FSE? Are there predictive markers for those at risk? A fundamental question is whether FSE is simply a marker of individuals who are destined to develop TLE, or if FSE contributes to the risk of developing TLE. If FSE does contribute to epileptogenesis, then does this happen only in the setting of a predisposed brain? These questions are addressed within this review, using information gleaned over the past two decades from clinical studies as well as animal models.
    Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics 03/2014; · 5.38 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It has been documented that anteromedial temporal lobe dysfunction can cause impairment in emotional intelligence. In particular, medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is associated with disorders in emotion recognition from facial expressions. About one-third of patients with MTLE experienced febrile seizures (FSs) during childhood. In the present study, we investigated facial emotion recognition ability in a group of 38 school-aged children with antecedent FSs and in an age- and sex-matched control group. Children with abnormal general visuoperceptual abilities were excluded. Children with FSs showed lower recognition scores versus controls in both matching (28.64 vs 33.47; p<.0001) and labeling (21.25 vs 23.03; p=.001) facial emotions. Our findings support the hypothesis that FSs can be associated during childhood with a dysfunction within the neural network subserving the processing of facial expressions of the basic emotions.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 08/2013; 29(1):211-216. · 1.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine whether first febrile seizure (FS) has detrimental effects on development, 159 children (aged 6months to 5years) with FS were compared to 142 controls on measures of cognition, motor ability, and adaptive behavior. Participants were identified through the emergency department in an urban, low-income community. Children were evaluated within one month of the ED visit and one year later, and difference in performance over one year was examined. Performance did not differ between cases and controls on measures of cognition (baseline: p=0.5, one year: p=0.2, change over time: p=0.1) or motor skills (baseline: p=0.9, one year: p=0.7, change over time, p=0.6). The adaptive behavior composite score did not differ by FS case status at baseline (p=0.2) or one year later (p=0.6); however, between-group differences over time approached significance (p=0.05). Findings support the idea that first FS does not pose developmental or behavioral consequences in a low socioeconomic environment.
    Epilepsy & Behavior 05/2013; 28(1):83-87. · 1.84 Impact Factor