bcl-2 automated and quantitative immunocytochemical assays in breast carcinomas: correlation with 10-year follow-up.
ABSTRACT bcl-2 protein is detectable in human cancers and may be involved in the response to antineoplastic drugs or endocrine therapy in breast carcinomas. In a previous study, we had developed optimal technical conditions for bcl-2 immunodetection. The aim of the present report was to determine the prognostic significance of bcl-2 expression in breast carinomas by the use of a similar immunocytochemical procedure.
bcl-2 immunocytochemical assays were performed on frozen sections by automated immunoperoxidase technique (Ventana) and computer-assisted analysis of digitized colored microscopic images (SAMBA) in a series of 170 breast carcinomas. The results of automated quantitative immunocytochemical assays were correlated with patient follow-up (120 months).
Intense bcl-2 immunocytochemical expression in tumors (cutpoint, 15%) significantly correlated with longer disease-free survival and longer recurrence-free survival in the entire cohort of patients (P = .028 and P = .035, respectively) and also in node-negative subgroups of patients (P = .028 and P = .01; Kaplan-Meier long-rank test; NCSS 6.0.1 software). But bcl-2 immunostained surfaces (cutpoint, 15%) did not correlate with overall survival. In multivariate analysis (proportional hazards regression, Cox model), bcl-2 prognostic significance in terms of disease-free survival was only independent of the tumor size and grade and histoprognostic index (Nottingham prognostic index [NPI]).
bcl-2 immunohistochemical expression is a significant indicator of favorable outcome only in terms of disease-free and local recurrence-free survival. However, bcl-2 expression in tumors is an independent weakly prognostic indicator in breast carcinomas. bcl-2 immunodetection assessed in optimal technical conditions (frozen samples, automation, quantitative analysis, scatter diagram cutoffs) may have some limited practical clinical relevance for the management of patients with breast carcinomas.
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ABSTRACT: The biological characteristics of the tumour are used to estimate prognosis and select appropriate systemic therapy for patients with (breast) cancer. The advent of molecular technology has incorporated new biomarkers along with immunohistochemical and serum biomarkers. Immunohistochemical markers are often used to guide treatment decisions, to classify breast cancer into subtypes that are biologically distinct and behave differently, and both as prognostic and predictive factors. Steroid hormone receptors, markers of tumour proliferation, and factors involved in angiogenesis and apoptosis are of scientific interest. In this review we will provide information on the immunohistochemical markers used in the management of breast cancer patients using available data from the literature. We consider the utility of established immunohistochemical markers, and discuss the challenges involved in integrating novel molecular markers into clinical practice.World journal of clinical oncology. 08/2014; 5(3):382-392.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Breast cancer is heterogeneous and the existing prognostic classifiers are limited in accuracy, leading to unnecessary treatment of numerous women. B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2), an antiapoptotic protein, has been proposed as a prognostic marker, but this effect is considered to relate to oestrogen receptor (ER) status. This study aimed to test the clinical validity of BCL2 as an independent prognostic marker.British Journal of Cancer 07/2010; 103(5):668-675. · 4.82 Impact Factor