Adenosine potentiates the delayed-rectifier potassium conductance but has no effect on the hyperpolarization-activated Ih current in frog melanotrophs.
ABSTRACT The effects of adenosine on the voltage-sensitive delayed-rectifier K+ (IK) currents and hyperpolarization-activated cationic inward current (Ih) were studied in cultured frog melanotrophs using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. The A1 receptor agonist R-N6-phenylisopropyl-adenosine (R-PIA; 50 microM) reversibly increased IK. Perfusion of dibutyryl-cAMP (1 mM) in the external solution did not modify the R-PIA-induced enhancement of IK. Pretreatment of melanotrophs with pertussis toxin (1 microg/ml; 12 h) totally abolished the R-PIA-evoked response. Application of hyperpolarizing voltage pulses from -60 to -120 mV to melanotrophs induced a two-component inward current corresponding to an Ih-like conductance. This conductance was characterized by a high K+ selectivity and a low Na+ permeability and was resistant to tetrodotoxin (1 microM). R-PIA had no effect on Ih. The present study demonstrates that in frog melanotrophs adenosine inhibits the electrical activity by activating IK through an A1 receptor subtype coupled to a pertussis toxin-sensitive pathway independent of the cAMP/PKA system. This study also demonstrates the existence of a Ih conductance in frog melanotrophs which is not modulated by A1 receptors.
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ABSTRACT: The ionic conductance mechanisms underlying the action potential behaviour of frog melanotrophs in primary culture were studied by using the patch-clamp technique in whole-cell configuration. The action potentials spontaneously generated by these cells were predominantly sodium spikes with a calcium component. Voltage-dependent sodium, calcium, potassium and calcium-activated potassium currents were identified and analysed separately. The voltage-dependent sodium current was characterized by its fast kinetic, its low-threshold activation, its voltage-dependent inactivation and a tetrodotoxin sensitivity. Calcium currents were identified on the basis of their ionic selectivity to divalent cations (Ba2+, Ca2+, Co2+) and their time course. Only two of the three well-documented calcium currents could be detected in frog melanotrophs. A sustained calcium current (ICaS) and an inactivating calcium current (ICaN) were elicited by step depolarizations up to -20 mV. ICaN inactivated for membrane potentials more positive than -50 mV; its inactivation appeared to be both voltage- and calcium-dependent. Transient calcium current (ICaT) has never been observed. Two types of potassium currents were identified: voltage-dependent potassium (IKV) and calcium-activated potassium currents, (IK[Ca]). They were both suppressed by tetraethylammonium chloride, whereas only IK(Ca) was blocked by cobalt. These major ionic currents underlying spontaneous electrical activity are assumed to be involved in the process of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone release. The present study provides the ground for future investigations regarding the relationships between the electrical and secretory activities in amphibian pars intermedia cells.Neuroendocrinology 12/1988; 48(5):507-15. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sheep somatotroph-enriched cultures were obtained by means of enzyme dissociation and Percoll gradient separation. Nystatin-perforated-whole-cell recordings were performed on post-recording-identified somatotrophs after 4-14 days in vitro. Using Ca(2+)-free, tetrodotoxin-containing (1 microM) bath solution and K+ electrode solution, three types of voltage-dependent K+ currents were recorded as inward rectifying, outward transient and outward delayed rectifying K+ currents. The inward rectifying K+ current was very small at physiological extracellular K+ concentrations (5 mM) and enhanced by increasing the K+ concentration in the bath to 55 mM; it was blocked by tetraethylammonium (2 mM) but not by 4-aminopyridine (5 mM). A transient outward K+ current appeared at -50 mV and was selectively diminished by 4-aminopyridine (2 or 4 mM). A delayed rectifying outward K+ current was observed when the membrane potential was depolarized to -20 mV and was blocked by tetraethylammonium (2 mM) but not 4-aminopyridine (4 mM). Application of 4-aminopyridine but not tetraethylammonium (up to 5 mM) depolarized the cell membrane potential recorded under current clamp conditions and triggered action potentials when the bath solution contained Ca2+ (2 mM) but not tetrodotoxin. The intracellular Ca2+ concentration was increased by 4-aminopyridine as was growth hormone release. Therefore, the 4-aminopyridine-sensitive transient outward K+ current appears to be important in the determining the resting potential of ovine somatotrophs and plays a major role in regulating basal intracellular Ca2+ concentration and growth hormone secretion.Neuroendocrinology 02/1994; 59(1):1-9. · 3.54 Impact Factor