Risk homeostasis theory: an overview.

Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Injury Prevention (Impact Factor: 1.94). 07/1998; 4(2):89-91. DOI: 10.1136/ip.4.2.89
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Nel contesto italiano numerose sono le esperienze formative sulla sicurezza stradale condotte nelle scuole di diverso ordine e grado. Dall'osservazione delle proposte e dei materiali utilizzati emerge una ricchezza di contributi ed idee spesso corredate da sussidi multimediali ed interattivi stimolanti e differenziati per età. Tuttavia, si osserva anche come sia privilegiato un approccio prevalentemente informativo (segnaletica, norme, conoscenza del contesto stradale) accompagnato frequentemente dalla presentazione delle sanzioni correlate allo scorretto comportamento di guida e dall'accento sulle conseguenze. In particolare, in riferimento agli adolescenti, l'accento viene posto sulle conseguenze mortali e sul tema del rispetto/trasgressione della norma. Frequente è l'uso di immagini/Video realistici e soprattutto ad effetto che mostrano lo stato dei corpi e dell'auto dopo lo schianto, o il ricorso a testimonianze di ragazzi reduci da pericolosi incidenti. Senza negare l'utilità di una riflessione sulle conseguenze, in questo contributo si intende approfondire e privilegiare la relazione tra educazione alla sicurezza e potenziamento della percezione del rischio.
    Educazione alla mobilità. Un approccio trasversale alla didattica della sicurezza e alla mobilità sostenibile, I, 2014 edited by L. Tamburini, L. Czerwinsky Domenis, 01/2014: chapter Educare alla sicurezza potenziando la percezione del rischio. Il ruolo della cognizione e dell’emozione: pages 1-19; Franco Angeli., ISBN: 9788891707475
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    ABSTRACT: From Safety Culture to Safety Orientation. Developing a tool to measure safety in shipping This study intend to develop a tool to measure safety orientation (SO) in shipping. SO should be considered a practical safety culture assessment instrument, indicating the degree of orientation towards safety in a group or an organisation. The scale can for example be used in benchmarking as a key performance indicator (KPI), or as an indicator in a balanced scorecard type of management tool. The definition of the construct follows below: “Safety orientation consists of the cultural and contextual factors that create the attitudes and behaviour that influence occupational health and safety. Organisations with a positive safety orientation are characterised by a perception of the importance of health and safety, and by confidence in the efficacy of their chosen measures to create the necessary behaviour for avoiding or limiting accidents and to continuously improve health and safety.” (Håvold, 2005). Examples on the cultural and contextual factors (see definition) might be national culture, organizational culture, industry culture, professional culture, regulations and competition. The research falls into two categories; to contribute to theory testing of selected hypotheses related to safety culture/safety climate and contribute to the development of a tool to measure SO in shipping. An extensive literature search in the maritime and safety fields revealed that there has been almost no previous research dealing with safety culture/climate in the maritime context. The study therefore examines the literature dealing with safety culture and climate in areas other than shipping. Many of the factors identified by these investigations assisted the study in the development of a first culture assessment instrument to measure SO at sea. The main study was designed to represent as broadly as possible the safety attitudes, safety climate and safety culture of seafarers employed aboard Norwegian-owned vessels. The study was based on a quantitative research approach using two questionnaires for data gathering, generating two datasets. These datasets provide the basis upon which the analyses were conducted. The total number of seafarers who participated in the two surveys numbered more than 2800 from 27 countries. Analysis of the datasets enabled the safety orientation construct to be described comprehensively and to be tested using different quantitative methods.
    10/2007, Degree: Dr. ing, Supervisor: Jan Hovden
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    ABSTRACT: Understanding factors affecting road accidents is an important area in road safety research. This paper provides a review of the factors, with specific focus on traffic and road related factors mainly for car accidents on major roads. This paper also offers an overview of road safety theories that explain how and why these factors affect road traffic accidents. This paper offers the road safety community with a better understanding of road accidents and aids in developing suitable methods and policies for road safety improvement. Several factors most notably: speed, congestion, and road horizontal curvature were found to have mixed effects on road safety and need further examination.
    Safety Science 08/2013; 57:264-275. DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2013.02.012 · 1.67 Impact Factor

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