Spiny Keratoderma: A Common Under-Reported Dermatosis

Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.
The Journal of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 2.25). 07/1998; 25(6):353-61. DOI: 10.1111/j.1346-8138.1998.tb02414.x
Source: PubMed


Spiny keratoderma is a dermatosis consisting of multiple projections located on the palms and soles, with a distinct histology characteristic of a parakeratotic column above a hypogranular epidermis. We report six cases discovered within a year and review the present literature on spiny keratoderma. The average age of the patients was 57 years. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were male and forty-three percent were female. The duration of lesions ranged from 4 months to 40 years. Symptoms were variable, however, lesions were often unnoticed by the patient. The location of the lesions involved the palms and soles or the palms alone. Past medical history was significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia treated with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Lesions often occurred in patients involved in manual labor. Spiny keratoderma is a relatively common under-reported dermatosis found most often in older patients with history of manual labor and is possibly related to treatment with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors.

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    ABSTRACT: Spiny keratoderma of the palms is an infrequent entity of unknown etiology. Most of the cases described are acquired, but there are also family cases. This dermatosis is characterized by the appearance of hyperkeratotic, generally asymptomatic, projections on the palms and/or soles, measuring only a few millimeters. In the histological study, parakeratotic columns of cornoid lamellae were observed on an epidermis with a thin or absent granular layer. Its association with malignant tumor pathologies of different types has been described.We present a new case of this entity, which had the peculiarity of a relationship of the parakeratotic column with the acrosyringium in some histological sections, a finding typical of a porokeratotic eccrine ostial or dermal duct nevus.
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    ABSTRACT: We describe the first case of unilateral spiny hyperkeratosis (SH) of the left hand, review the literature and discuss possible patho- mechanisms. SH can be sporadic or familial, often appearing in healthy individuals. However, there is an association with various malignancies in a significant number of the sporadic cases. Although there is no satisfactory explanation of this association, we agree with previous authors that a patient with SH appearing in adult life should be evaluated and followed for the presence of malignancy. Other patients with SH may suffer from a variety of nonmalignant diseases, which may be coincidental or causally related. SH is not a premalignant lesion of the skin and should not be confused with porokeratosis which has a malignant potential. Except for excision of individual lesions, there is no permanent cure.
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