Spiny keratoderma: a common under-reported dermatosis.
ABSTRACT Spiny keratoderma is a dermatosis consisting of multiple projections located on the palms and soles, with a distinct histology characteristic of a parakeratotic column above a hypogranular epidermis. We report six cases discovered within a year and review the present literature on spiny keratoderma. The average age of the patients was 57 years. Fifty-seven percent of the patients were male and forty-three percent were female. The duration of lesions ranged from 4 months to 40 years. Symptoms were variable, however, lesions were often unnoticed by the patient. The location of the lesions involved the palms and soles or the palms alone. Past medical history was significant for hypertension and hyperlipidemia treated with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Lesions often occurred in patients involved in manual labor. Spiny keratoderma is a relatively common under-reported dermatosis found most often in older patients with history of manual labor and is possibly related to treatment with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors.
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ABSTRACT: Spiny hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles is a rare dermatosis presenting as multiple tiny keratotic plugs on the palms and soles. There are two different forms of spiny keratoderma of the palms and soles - the hereditary form and the acquired form. The latter is usually associated with internal malignancies or systemic disease. Since spiny hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles has been under-reported and under-diagnosed, it is important for dermatologists not to forget this disease in daily practice. We report this rare disease for the first time in the German literature.Der Hautarzt 12/2012; 63(12):923-6. · 0.50 Impact Factor
Article: Statins in dermatology.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Statins are competitive inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylyglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase and reduce low-density lipoprotein-C levels. Statins are well-tolerated drugs used for prevention of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events. Statins possess anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antioxidant, metabolic, and possible anticancer effects. Statins are reported to be effective against psoriasis, dermatitis, graft-versus-host disease, uremic pruritus, vitiligo, and hirsutism. Topical forms of statins are employed in the treatment of acne, seborrhea, rosacea, and rhinophyma. Animal studies show the beneficial effect of statins against contact dermatitis and wound healing. They have promising anti-HIV effects as well. This article succinctly reviews the various cellular and molecular effects of statins, their applications in cutaneous medicine and their side effects.International journal of dermatology 11/2010; 49(11):1235-43. · 1.18 Impact Factor
- International journal of dermatology 06/2013; · 1.18 Impact Factor