Child-rearing attitudes and behavioral inhibition in Chinese and Canadian toddlers: A cross-cultural study

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
Developmental Psychology (Impact Factor: 3.21). 08/1998; 34(4):677-86. DOI: 10.1037//0012-1649.34.4.677
Source: PubMed


Behavioral inhibition data were collected from samples of 2-year-olds from the People's Republic of China and Canada. Information on child-rearing attitudes and beliefs was obtained from mothers of the children. Chinese toddlers were significantly more inhibited than their Canadian counterparts. Inhibition was associated positively with mothers' punishment orientation and negatively with mothers' acceptance and encouragement of achievement in the Canadian sample. However, the directions of the relations were opposite in the Chinese sample; child inhibition was associated positively with mothers' warm and accepting attitudes and negatively with rejection and punishment orientation. The results indicated different adaptational meanings of behavioral inhibition across cultures.

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    • "Studies find culture to be a salient influence in the choice of parenting strategies in families suggesting that parenting techniques differ across Arab, Asian and Western societies (e.g. Chen et al., 1998; Dwairy et al., 2006) and even across ethnic groups residing in one country (Herz & Gullone, 1999). Moreover, some research reveals that children's responses to and interpretation of similar parenting strategies may vary by cultural context (Porter et al., 2005; see also Stewart & Bond, 2002), and other studies find that parental assessments of children's behavior, which undoubtedly determine future disciplining techniques, may vary by child's gender, parent's gender, and country (Porter et al., 2005). "
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