Benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney.

Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Charles University, Pilsen, Czech Republic.
Pathology - Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.56). 02/1998; 194(6):445-8. DOI: 10.1016/S0344-0338(98)80038-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We describe a distinctive benign tumor of the kidney in a 48-year-old woman, which was composed of well differentiated ducts set in the spindle cell stroma which was muscle actin, smooth muscle actin and desmin positive, and was morphologically similar to the ovarian stroma. No immature appearing epithelial renal or mesenchymal tissue was present in the tumor. Histologically, the tumor differed from the nephrogenic adenofibroma and the rare cases of adult Wilms tumors, mesoblastic nephromas and cystic nephromas.

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    ABSTRACT: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumors (MEST) of the kidney are uncommon neoplasms that were added to the World Health Organization's renal tumor classification in 2004. These entities are biphasic and contain both epithelial and mesenchymal components. MEST most commonly occur in women. Presented are two cases of MEST incidentally discovered at autopsy.
    Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center) 04/2015; 28(2):224-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST) represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females. Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed. A 47-year-old postmenopausal female presented to the urologist with flank pain. A CT scan of the abdomen showed a 30-mm-in-diameter uniform mass adjacent to the pelvis of the left kidney. Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney. The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney. By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma. Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour. MEST typically presents in perimenopausal women as a primarily cystic mass. Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis. The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas. The stromal cells typically demonstrate an ovarian-type stroma showing expression for the estrogen and progesterone receptors. MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman. The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms. By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour. Thus, intraoperative frozen section is necessary for conservative surgery, since the overall prognosis is favourable and renal function can be preserved in most cases.
    Diagnostic Pathology 03/2010; 5:16. DOI:10.1186/1746-1596-5-16 · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor (MEST) is a distinctive benign composite neoplasm of the kidney predominantly seen in females mostly in the perimenopausal period. Although these tumors are known to arise from renal pelvis, our case was distinct in that it had no intrapelvic component growing in exophytic fashion. A 35 year old female patient presented to us with vague abdominal pain. She had undergone excision of bilateral ovarian cystic masses for cystic teratoma twelve years earlier. A computed tomography scan of abdomen and pelvis showed a 9 x 7 cm uniformly solid mass with poor contrast enhancement situated in the inferomedial aspect of the left kidney. On exploration, the mass was arising from the inferior and anterior aspect of left renal pelvis, and was attached to it with a narrow pedicle. There was no adherence or attachment to the renal parenchyma. The mass was excised preserving the kidney. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of large collagenized areas containing bundles of spindle cells and several 'microcysts' lined by cuboidal epithelium suggestive of a benign mixed epithelial stromal tumor. Mixed epithelial tumors usually present in perimenopausal women as a partially cystic mass. Tumors are composed of irregular mixtures of cystic and solid areas, glands with variable complexity and distribution and the stromal component is characterized by a spindle cell proliferation. Commonly, it arises from the renal parenchyma and pelvis and nephrectomy is advocated to manage these tumors. MEST is a distinctive benign tumor of the kidney that should be distinguished from other renal neoplasms. MEST arising from the renal pelvis and growing exophytically is a rare entity. The overall prognosis is favorable.
    International Seminars in Surgical Oncology 10/2005; 2:18. DOI:10.1186/1477-7800-2-18