Postoperative weight gain after standard Whipple's procedure versus pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy: the influence of tumour status.
ABSTRACT Recent reports suggest a better postoperative weight gain after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) compared with standard pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Factors that could also influence postoperative weight gain, such as tumour-positive resection margins and tumour recurrence, have not been taken into account in these studies. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate weight gain in the first 15 months after PD or PPPD and to investigate the influence of other tumour-related factors.
From 1991 to 1995, 140 patients underwent subtotal pancreatoduodenectomy; 125 patients underwent resection for malignant disease of the pancreatic head region (56 had PD and 69 PPPD). Patients' weights were evaluated in the pre-illness phase, before operation and during four postoperative phases (at 3, 7, 11 and 15 months). Weight was calculated as a percentage of the pre-illness weight. Patients were subdivided according to tumour status: PD with positive and PD with negative tumour status; PPPD with positive and PPPD with negative tumour status. Tumour-positive status was defined as either microscopically tumour-positive resection margins or radiologically or cytologically proven tumour recurrence within 2 years of surgery.
Five patients died during the hospital stay (PD, four; PPPD, one) (overall mortality rate 4 per cent). There was no difference in overall weight gain between patients having PD and PPPD. There was, however, a difference in patients with positive and negative tumour status for PD (P = 0.0003) and PPPD (P< 0.0001).
There is only a minimal difference in postoperative weight gain between patients having PD and PPPD. Differences in postoperative weight gain are related more to positive resection margins and tumour recurrence than to the type of resection.
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic surgery has advanced considerably during the past decades. Recent studies report reduced morbidity rates and virtually no mortality after resection. However, postoperative complications are still a formidable menace. In this chapter we discuss the management of postoperative bleeding and leakages which are considered the most feared complications, and discuss the advent of minimal invasive methods for management of these complications. Patients who develop postoperative bleeding almost always present with septic complications and a sentinel bleed before onset of bleeding. These patients should undergo early diagnostic angiography followed by embolisation. If this does control the bleeding an emergency laparotomy should be performed as last resort. Patients who develop pancreatic leakage are generally managed conservatively by means of percutaneous drainage. Aggressive surgery should be performed at the first sign of severe sepsis. The condition of the pancreatic remant found during reoperation dictates the type of surgical intervention best performed.Baillière' s Best Practice and Research in Clinical Gastroenterology 11/2004; 18(5):847-64. · 3.16 Impact Factor
Article: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Overview An estimated 36,800 people will die of pancreatic cancer in the United States in 2010.1 This disease is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death among men and women in the United States.(1) Its peak incidence occurs in the seventh and eighth decades of life. Although incidence is roughly equal for the sexes, African Americans seem to have a higher incidence of pancreatic cancer than white Americans.(2) These guidelines only discuss tumors of the exocrine pancreas; neuroendocrine tumors are not included. By definition, these NCCN Guidelines cannot incorporate all possible clinical variations and are not intended to replace good clinical judgment or individualization of treatments. Exceptions to the rule were discussed among the panel members during development of these guidelines. A 5% rule (omitting clinical scenarios that constitute fewer than 5% of all cases) was used to eliminate uncommon clinical occurrences or conditions from these guidelines. The panel unanimously endorses participation in a clinical trial as the preferred option over standard or accepted therapy. Risk Factors and Genetic Predisposition Although the associated increase in risk is small, the development of pancreatic cancer is firmly linked to cigarette smoking.(3-5) Some evidence shows that increased consumption of red meat and dairy products is associated with an elevation in pancreatic cancer risk,(6) although other studies have failed to identify dietary risk factors.(4) An increased body mass index is also associated with increased risk.(7-9) Occupational exposure to chemicals, such as beta-naphthylamine and benzidine, is also associated with an increased risk of pancreatic...Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN 10/2010; 8(9):972-1017. · 5.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The results of medial pancreatectomy have been previously reported anecdotally. The purpose of the study was to provide short- and long-term results of MP in a large multicenter collective series. From 1990 to 1998, 53 patients (mean age +/- SD = 49 +/- 15 years) underwent medial pancreatectomy for primary cystic neoplasms of pancreas (n = 19), endocrine neoplasms (n = 17), intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) (n = 6), fibrotic stenosis of the Wirsung's duct (n = 4), or other benign (n = 4) or malignant (n = 3) diseases. The proximal (right) pancreatic remnant was sutured (n = 53), and the distal (left) remnant was either anastomosed to a jejunal loop (n = 26), to the stomach (n = 25), or oversewn (n = 2). Medial pancreatectomy was indicated in 3 patients (6%) because of failed enucleation, in 3 (6%) to prevent worsening of preexisting diabetes, or to prevent de novo diabetes in a patient with chronic pancreatitis, and deliberately in the 47 others. The length of the resected pancreas was 5.0+/- 2.2 cm (range, 2-15). One patient (2%) died from a pancreatic fistula and portal thrombosis. Three patients were reoperated on because of complications related to the left pancreas, which was partially or totally resected. Pancreatic fistula developed in 16 patients (30%). Mean delay for the return of oral feeding was related to the presence of a pancreatic fistula. At follow-up (median = 26 months, range, 12-131), 1 pancreatic recurrence and 1 de novo diabetes occurred in patients without IPMN. In patients with IPMN, the rates of pancreatic recurrence and diabetes were 40% (2/5), respectively. Medial pancreatectomy effectively preserves long-term endocrine function and is associated with a low risk of local recurrence, except in patients with IPMN. However, there is a high risk (30%) of PF after medial pancreatectomy.Surgery 12/2002; 132(5):836-43. · 3.37 Impact Factor