Role of HIF-1alpha in hypoxia-mediated apoptosis, cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis.
ABSTRACT As a result of deprivation of oxygen (hypoxia) and nutrients, the growth and viability of cells is reduced. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha helps to restore oxygen homeostasis by inducing glycolysis, erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. Here we show that hypoxia and hypoglycaemia reduce proliferation and increase apoptosis in wild-type (HIF-1alpha+/+) embryonic stem (ES) cells, but not in ES cells with inactivated HIF-1alpha genes (HIF-1alpha-/-); however, a deficiency of HIF-1alpha does not affect apoptosis induced by cytokines. We find that hypoxia/hypoglycaemia-regulated genes involved in controlling the cell cycle are either HIF-1alpha-dependent (those encoding the proteins p53, p21, Bcl-2) or HIF-1alpha-independent (p27, GADD153), suggesting that there are at least two different adaptive responses to being deprived of oxygen and nutrients. Loss of HIF-1alpha reduces hypoxia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, prevents formation of large vessels in ES-derived tumours, and impairs vascular function, resulting in hypoxic microenvironments within the tumour mass. However, growth of HIF-1alpha tumours was not retarded but was accelerated, owing to decreased hypoxia-induced apoptosis and increased stress-induced proliferation. As hypoxic stress contributes to many (patho)biological disorders, this new role for HIF-1alpha in hypoxic control of cell growth and death may be of general pathophysiological importance.
Article: Antiangiogenic therapy in cancerDrugs of the Future 01/2005; 30(7):695. · 0.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ischemia-reperfusion injury contributes to tissue damage and organ failure in clinical settings, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive and effective therapies are still lacking. Here, we identified microRNA 687 (miR-687) as a key regulator and therapeutic target in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. We show that miR-687 is markedly upregulated in the kidney during renal ischemia-reperfusion in mice and in cultured kidney cells during hypoxia. MiR-687 induction under these conditions was mediated by hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). Upon induction in vitro, miR-687 repressed the expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and facilitated cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Blockade of miR-687 preserved PTEN expression and attenuated cell cycle activation and renal apoptosis, resulting in protection against kidney injury in mice. Collectively, these results unveil a novel HIF-1/miR-687/PTEN signaling pathway in ischemia-reperfusion injury that may be targeted for therapy. Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Nephrology.Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN. 01/2015;
- Clinical Cancer Research 01/2004; 10(1):33-42. · 8.19 Impact Factor