Article

Role of HIF-1alpha in hypoxia-mediated apoptosis, cell proliferation and tumour angiogenesis.

Center for Transgene Technology and Gene Therapy, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, KU Leuven, Belgium.
Nature (Impact Factor: 42.35). 08/1998; 394(6692):485-90. DOI: 10.1038/28867
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT As a result of deprivation of oxygen (hypoxia) and nutrients, the growth and viability of cells is reduced. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha helps to restore oxygen homeostasis by inducing glycolysis, erythropoiesis and angiogenesis. Here we show that hypoxia and hypoglycaemia reduce proliferation and increase apoptosis in wild-type (HIF-1alpha+/+) embryonic stem (ES) cells, but not in ES cells with inactivated HIF-1alpha genes (HIF-1alpha-/-); however, a deficiency of HIF-1alpha does not affect apoptosis induced by cytokines. We find that hypoxia/hypoglycaemia-regulated genes involved in controlling the cell cycle are either HIF-1alpha-dependent (those encoding the proteins p53, p21, Bcl-2) or HIF-1alpha-independent (p27, GADD153), suggesting that there are at least two different adaptive responses to being deprived of oxygen and nutrients. Loss of HIF-1alpha reduces hypoxia-induced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor, prevents formation of large vessels in ES-derived tumours, and impairs vascular function, resulting in hypoxic microenvironments within the tumour mass. However, growth of HIF-1alpha tumours was not retarded but was accelerated, owing to decreased hypoxia-induced apoptosis and increased stress-induced proliferation. As hypoxic stress contributes to many (patho)biological disorders, this new role for HIF-1alpha in hypoxic control of cell growth and death may be of general pathophysiological importance.

2 Followers
 · 
141 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: INMAP is a spindle protein that plays essential role for mitosis, by ensuring spindle and centromere integrality. The aim of this study was to investigate the relevant functions of INMAP for genomic stability and its functional pathway. We overexpressed INMAP in HeLa cells, resulting in growth inhibition in monolayer cell cultures, anchorage-independent growth in soft agar and xenograft growth in nude mice. In this system caused micronuclei (MNi) formation, chromosome distortion and γH2AX expression upregulation, suggesting DNA damage induction and genomic stability impairment. As a tumour biochemical marker, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes were detected to evaluate cell metabolic activity, the results confirming that total activity of LDH, as well as that of its LDH5 isoform, is significantly decreased in INMAP-overexpressing HeLa cells. The levels of p53 and p21 were upregulated, and however, that of PCNA and Bcl-2, downregulated. Indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) and coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) analyses revealed the interaction between INMAP and p21. These results suggest that INMAP might function through p53/p21 pathways.
    PLoS ONE 10(1):e0115704. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0115704 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase (PYK2) are two related non-receptor tyrosine kinases which are thought to play a role in transducing extracellular matrix (ECM)-derived survival signals into cells. The functions of FAK and PYK2 are linked to autophosphorylation of their specific tyrosine residues, Tyr-397 in FAK and Tyr-402 in PYK2, and then association with different signalling proteins which mediate activation of downstream targets such as ERK and JNK mitogen-activated kinase cascades. Thus, modulation of FAK as well as PYK2 autophosphorylation may affect several intracellular pathways and may participate in a variety of pathological settings. The present study provides a systematic investigation of the influence of experimental ischemia, induced by oxygen-glucose-deprivation, on the FAK- and PYK2- mediated signalling in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. OGD induced primary down-regulation of FAK and PYK2 autophosphorylation (at Tyr 397 and Tyr 402, respectively) at 24-48h of reoxygenation was accompanied by the diminution of phosphorylation /activation of Src and JNK. In contrast, the activity of Akt and ERK1/2 remained on the control level. It indicates that Akt kinase as well as ERK1/2 does not interfere with OGD-induced neuronal damage. The inhibition of the early step of FAK and PYK2 activation demonstrated by the decrease of tyrosine autophosphorylation may comprise an important portion of the response expressed by modulation of some coupled signal transduction pathways. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Brain Research 02/2015; 1606. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2015.02.022 · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 03/2004; 64(5):1712-1721. DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-03-2700 · 9.28 Impact Factor

Jean-Marc Herbert