Article

Cognitive failures and stress

Calgary Regional Health Authority, University of Calgary, Canada.
Psychological Reports (Impact Factor: 0.53). 07/1998; 82(3 Pt 2):1432-4. DOI: 10.2466/PR0.82.3.1432-1434
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 138 healthy volunteers in four age groups completed the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (Self and Other) as well as measures of attention, freedom from distractibility, daily stress, and trait-state anxiety. Self-reported and observed cognitive failures were strongly associated with stress and anxiety. Higher self-reported cognitive failure in one age group appeared tied to this finding. We discuss the usefulness of self-report of cognitive failures for neuropsychological practice.

13 Followers
 · 
472 Views
  • Source
    Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 07/2013; 23(4). DOI:10.1002/casp.2119 · 1.25 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nurses working for telephone-based medical helplines must maintain attentional focus while quickly and accurately processing information given by callers to make safe and appropriate treatment decisions. In this study, both higher levels of general occupational stress and elevated stress levels on particular shifts were associated with more frequent failures of attention, memory, and concentration in telephone nurses. Exposure to a stressful shift was also associated with a measurable increase in objectively assessed information-processing errors. Nurses who experienced more frequent cognitive failures at work made more conservative decisions, tending to refer patients on to other health professionals more often than other nurses. As stress is associated with cognitive performance decrements in telephone nursing, stress-reduction interventions could improve the quality and safety of care that callers to medical helplines receive.
    05/2014; 105(2). DOI:10.1111/bjop.12030
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The impact of anaesthetic agents on cognitive recovery during the first post-operative week in a middle-aged population undergoing general anaesthesia is insufficiently studied. We hypothesised that patients receiving anaesthesia based on desflurane would have a quicker recovery and regain cognitive capacity faster than patients receiving anaesthesia based on propofol. Methods We performed a prospective, randomised, single-blinded study comparing the effects of desflurane and propofol as primary anaesthetic agents on cognitive recovery in 59 American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification System I-II women undergoing breast surgery. Cognitive recovery was evaluated using the Cognitive Failure Questionnaire and a modified version of the Post-operative Quality of Recovery Scale. ResultsPost-operative cognitive recovery according to Cognitive Failure Questionnaire was 65% and 66% at 72h, and 71% and 72% at 1 week for the desflurane and the propofol groups, respectively. Recovery according to Post-operative Quality of Recovery Scale was 52% and 50% at 2h, increasing to 71% and 87% at 48h for the desflurane and the propofol groups, respectively. At the final point of measurement (Cognitive Failure Questionnaire 1 week, Post-operative Quality of Recovery Scale 48h), many of the patients had still not reached their baseline cognitive performance. There was no difference in overall cognitive recovery between the desflurane and propofol groups. Conclusion Cognitive recovery was not complete 1 week after surgery in any of the groups. There was no difference in the rate of cognitive recovery in middle-aged patients receiving desflurane or propofol anaesthesia during ambulatory breast surgery.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 08/2014; 58(9). DOI:10.1111/aas.12381 · 2.31 Impact Factor