Cognitive failures and stress.
ABSTRACT 138 healthy volunteers in four age groups completed the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (Self and Other) as well as measures of attention, freedom from distractibility, daily stress, and trait-state anxiety. Self-reported and observed cognitive failures were strongly associated with stress and anxiety. Higher self-reported cognitive failure in one age group appeared tied to this finding. We discuss the usefulness of self-report of cognitive failures for neuropsychological practice.
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ABSTRACT: Use of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) in clinical research assumes that the questionnaire measures a single factor. A factor analysis of the CFQ was performed, on a sample of 475 students, using accurate procedures for determining the number of factors. These procedures gave mutually inconsistent results: at least two alternative factor structures can be extracted from the CFQ. An interpretable seven factor solution was found, but the CFQ probably has insufficient items to measure more than two strongly defined factors. The capacity of CFQ multiple factors to predict measures related to stress vulnerability was tested in a further study (N=57). Correlations between CFQ total score and neuroticism and use of coping strategies appeared to depend mainly on a single CFQ multiple factor, related to failures of concentration. Some of the other CFQ factors predicted other criteria. Further research on multiple factors of cognitive failure might improve the validity of the CFQ as a predictor of stress vulnerability and of cognitive performance.Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 02/1990; 12(1):49-65. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Two studies of correlates of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) are reported. The first study tested for empirical personality correlates of the CFQ; the second study investigated the role of self-consciousness as a possible mediator of the association betyeen cognitive failures and stress vulnerability. Study 1 (n = 60) showed significant correlations between CFQ score and several 16PF primary and secondary traits, notably anxiety. Study 2 (n = 100) used multiple regression to verify the hypothesis that the positive association between CFQ score and anxiety is at least partially mediated by individual differences in self-consciousness. It is concluded that high CFQ subjects are vulnerable to stress because self-attentional processing disrupts their coping strategies.Cognition and Emotion 01/1988; 2(2):123-132. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reviews the properties of 14 questionnaires (including the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire, the Inventory of Learning Processes, and the Memory Change Questionnaire) developed independently to assess people's beliefs about their memory performance in natural circumstances. Research has found that responses to these questionnaires are reliable but that they correspond only moderately with a person's memory performance. Apparently, people's beliefs about their memory performance are stable but not accurate. Research also has found that responses to memory questionnaires vary with several variables: the kind of memory failure, susceptibility to cognitive failures under stress, confidence in memory performance, and age of Ss. Thus, although memory questionnaires are only moderately successful indicators of memory performance, they may nevertheless elucidate the properties of beliefs that underlie performance. (93 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)Psychological Bulletin 08/1982; 92(2):434-452. · 15.58 Impact Factor