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[The imaging of hamate fractures in the conventional X-ray and CT: experimental results and clinical experiences].

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Röntgen- und Nuklearmedizinische Abteilung, Städtisches Krankenhaus Zehlendorf, Freie Universität Berlin.
RöFo - Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der R (Impact Factor: 1.96). 08/1998; 169(1):53-7.
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ABSTRACT Examination of the ability to image fractures of the body and hook of the hamate bone in conventional X-rays and HR-CT.
In an in vitro experiment on 18 cadaver hands, the hamate bone was fractured at different localisations. Before and after fracture, conventional x-rays were taken in different projectional planes: a.-p., lateral, oblique and carpal tunnel view, as well as an HR-CT with 2 mm layer thickness in the axial, sagittal and coronal plane. In addition, 15 clinically verified hamate bone fractures (two body and 13 hook of hamate fractures) were reviewed retrospectively to assess the value of the imaging procedures that led to diagnosis.
Taking into account all conventional x-ray projections applied, the in vitro experiment yielded a sensitivity of 72.2%, a specificity of 88.8% and an accuracy of 80.5%. For CT, the sensitivity was 100%, the specificity 94.4% and the accuracy 97.2%. In retrospective clinical evaluation, 60% of the existing fractures were identified in the conventional x-ray images. The remaining fractures were detected by additional procedures like scintigraphy, conventional tomography and CT.
For the diagnosis of fractures of the body and hook of the hamate HR-CT is the imaging procedure of choice, in which case an axial or sagittal plane should be chosen.

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    ABSTRACT: The treatment of choice in nondisplaced hook of hamate fractures is conservative, with lower arm splinting. Displaced fractures should be treated operatively, whereby excision of the fragment or open reduction and internal fixation are described. A hamulus ossis hamati fracture was verified in 14 patients (mean age, 42 years; range, 21 to 73 years) including 11 men and three women. In six patients (42.9 percent), conservative treatment was initiated immediately after trauma with a lower arm cast for 6 weeks, and eight patients (57.1 percent) were operated on primarily. In five patients (35.7 percent), the fragment was excised, and in three patients (21.4 percent), an open reduction and internal fixation was performed using a screw. In five of six patients treated conservatively, nonunion of the fracture with persisting clinical symptoms developed. All of those patients were treated operatively, whereby three patients underwent excision and two patients underwent screw fixation, which led to elimination of the symptoms. One patient was asymptomatic despite nonunion of the fracture and rejected surgery. All of the eight patients operated on primarily were asymptomatic 3 months after surgery. Therefore, the success rate of primary surgical treatment (eight of eight) was significantly higher compared with conservative treatment(one of six). Finally, all 14 patients were asymptomatic at late postoperative follow-up. The clinical outcome of patients with hook of hamate fractures treated conservatively was disappointing. Therefore, primary surgical treatment is recommended. In our patients, excision and open reduction and internal fixation led to comparable results.
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 03/2005; 115(2):488-97. DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000149480.25248.20 · 3.33 Impact Factor

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Jan 14, 2015