Determining factors for successful adoption of dogs from an animal shelter.
ABSTRACT To determine whether certain characteristics of dogs offered for adoption are associated with successful adoption.
Retrospective cohort study.
1,468 relinquished dogs offered for adoption at a local humane society.
Data regarding dogs offered for adoption were obtained from surveys completed by previous owners. Data were analyzed by use of bivariate statistics and multivariable logistic regression.
Of dogs offered for adoption, 1,073 were successfully adopted, 239 were not adopted, and 157 were returned to the shelter after adoption. Terrier, hound, toy, and nonsporting breeds were found to be significantly associated with successful adoption (P < 0.05, chi 2 analysis). Certain coat colors (gold, gray, and white), small size, and history of an indoor environment were also significant predictors of successful adoption. The correlation coefficient (0.048) indicated that only a small percentage of variance in adoption success could be explained by the multiple logistic regression model.
Animal shelter managers with limited kennel capacity may wish to periodically use surveys to determine whether the type of dog being offered to the public reflects the type of dog the public will adopt.
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ABSTRACT: A survey was conducted to assess decisions people make when acquiring dogs, including what sources they consider, the importance of the variety of dogs available, and their willingness to travel to adopt dogs of their choice. A conjoint design was used to ask each respondent to rate his or her likelihood of acquiring a dog based on a "profile" that included attributes such as age, size, and color as well as where the dog came from and euthanasia risk. Overall, these results showed that people preferred variety and would drive distances to get dogs of their choice. The findings revealed that no single attribute drove choice, indicating that people have complex preferences and these vary widely across individuals. Nonhuman animal shelters may be able to increase their adoption rates by providing more variety and not just dogs typically thought of as "in demand" but those who represent a range of diversity through the utilization of animal relocation programs.Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 08/2014; DOI:10.1080/10888705.2014.943836 · 0.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to increase adoption rates of dogs housed in shelters. Previous research suggests that the public perceives friendly and sociable dogs as more adoptable. The present study hypothesized that dogs trained to gaze into potential adopters’ eyes would be perceived as more attractive and would therefore have a greater likelihood of being adopted. In addition, we investigated other individual factors that may predict adoption success. For each dog in the study, we tracked outcome (adoption or euthanasia), physical characteristics, and how they were acquired by the shelter. Dogs in a group trained to gaze at people were not significantly more likely to be adopted than untrained dogs in a control group (70.7% in the training group vs. 67.8% in the control group, P>0.10). However, breed type, mode of intake (how dogs were taken into the shelter), and kennel location were predictive of adoption (P<0.001, P<0.05. and P<0.05 respectively) and size, breed type, and mode of intake were predictive of length of stay (P<0.05, P=0.05, and P<0.01 respectively). In a second experiment, participants unaware of the dogs’ outcomes (adoption or euthanasia) rated photographs of the dogs, according to attractiveness, on a scale ranging from 0 to 1. The average rating of attractiveness for the adopted and euthanized group were significantly different: 0.50 (SD=0.08) for adopted dogs and 0.46 (SD=0.09) for the euthanized dogs (P<0.05). These findings suggest that other factors besides gazing may be more important to adopters when considering adoption of a dog.Applied Animal Behaviour Science 12/2012; 142(1):61-68. DOI:10.1016/j.applanim.2012.09.009 · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study investigated how the current economic recession (since December 2007) has affected dog and cat relinquishment, adoption, and euthanasia at the Anti-Cruelty Society animal shelter in Chicago, Illinois. The study compared temporal patterns of the investigated statistics before (2000-2007) the start of the current recession with the patterns after the start of the recession (2008-2010). The results showed that once the guardianship (ownership) of a nonhuman animal had been established, the recession did not greatly affect the owner's decision on relinquishment-except for the relinquishment of senior dogs, which may be associated with increased costs of care. However, an unfavorable economic environment may have reduced adoption of animals. The consequences of a decline in adoptions might be reflected in an increase in the proportion or number of sheltered animals euthanized. This study demonstrated how monitoring changes in temporal patterns in these shelter statistics can help guide animal shelters to better prepare for the current recession.Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 01/2012; 15(1):80-90. DOI:10.1080/10888705.2012.624908 · 0.69 Impact Factor