Determining factors for successful adoption of dogs from an animal shelter.

Population Medicine Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (Impact Factor: 1.72). 08/1998; 213(4):478-82.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether certain characteristics of dogs offered for adoption are associated with successful adoption.
Retrospective cohort study.
1,468 relinquished dogs offered for adoption at a local humane society.
Data regarding dogs offered for adoption were obtained from surveys completed by previous owners. Data were analyzed by use of bivariate statistics and multivariable logistic regression.
Of dogs offered for adoption, 1,073 were successfully adopted, 239 were not adopted, and 157 were returned to the shelter after adoption. Terrier, hound, toy, and nonsporting breeds were found to be significantly associated with successful adoption (P < 0.05, chi 2 analysis). Certain coat colors (gold, gray, and white), small size, and history of an indoor environment were also significant predictors of successful adoption. The correlation coefficient (0.048) indicated that only a small percentage of variance in adoption success could be explained by the multiple logistic regression model.
Animal shelter managers with limited kennel capacity may wish to periodically use surveys to determine whether the type of dog being offered to the public reflects the type of dog the public will adopt.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o programa de adoção de cães do Município de Ibiúna-SP. Para a sua realização, os cães foram adotados no canil da Prefeitura com seleção de futuros proprietários. Foram realizadas visitas sem prévio aviso aos proprietários de cães para avaliar as condições de saúde animal. Após um período mínimo de três meses após a adoção, foi aplicado um questionário para todos os proprietários dos cães adotados. A finalidade foi avaliar os motivos da adoção, adaptação do cão no domicílio e proprietário do mesmo, dificuldades encontradas e condições sanitárias e de saúde do animal. No período avaliado, foram adotados 63 cães, representando 10,21% do total recolhido, e a maioria destes foram machos. Mais de 90% dos proprietários tiveram uma boa e ótima adaptação com o cão. Os motivos da adoção estiveram centrados em gostar dos animais para 80,64% dos entrevistados. Doença foi a maior dificuldade. As condições sanitárias em que os animais foram encontrados nos domicílios estavam quase na totalidade em ótima e boa, representando sucesso nas adoções.
    Revista Ciência em Extensão. 01/2010;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to increase adoption rates of dogs housed in shelters. Previous research suggests that the public perceives friendly and sociable dogs as more adoptable. The present study hypothesized that dogs trained to gaze into potential adopters’ eyes would be perceived as more attractive and would therefore have a greater likelihood of being adopted. In addition, we investigated other individual factors that may predict adoption success. For each dog in the study, we tracked outcome (adoption or euthanasia), physical characteristics, and how they were acquired by the shelter. Dogs in a group trained to gaze at people were not significantly more likely to be adopted than untrained dogs in a control group (70.7% in the training group vs. 67.8% in the control group, P>0.10). However, breed type, mode of intake (how dogs were taken into the shelter), and kennel location were predictive of adoption (P<0.001, P<0.05. and P<0.05 respectively) and size, breed type, and mode of intake were predictive of length of stay (P<0.05, P=0.05, and P<0.01 respectively). In a second experiment, participants unaware of the dogs’ outcomes (adoption or euthanasia) rated photographs of the dogs, according to attractiveness, on a scale ranging from 0 to 1. The average rating of attractiveness for the adopted and euthanized group were significantly different: 0.50 (SD=0.08) for adopted dogs and 0.46 (SD=0.09) for the euthanized dogs (P<0.05). These findings suggest that other factors besides gazing may be more important to adopters when considering adoption of a dog.
    Applied Animal Behaviour Science 12/2012; 142(1):61-68. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study examined the degree to which training procedures influenced the integrity of behaviorally based dog training implemented by volunteers of an animal shelter. Volunteers were taught to implement discrete-trial obedience training to teach 2 skills (sit and wait) to dogs. Procedural integrity during the baseline and written instructions conditions was low across all participants. Although performance increased with use of a video model, integrity did not reach criterion levels until performance feedback and modeling were provided. Moreover, the integrity of the discrete-trial training procedure was significantly and positively correlated with dog compliance to instructions for all dyads. Correct implementation and compliance were observed when participants were paired with a novel dog and trainer, respectively, although generalization of procedural integrity from the discrete-trial sit procedure to the discrete-trial wait procedure was not observed. Shelter consumers rated the behavior change in dogs and trainers as socially significant. Implications of these findings and future directions for research are discussed.
    Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 06/2014; 47(2):344-59. · 1.19 Impact Factor