New, safe and reliable method for endoscopic gastrostomy device replacement.
Department of Pediatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA.Endoscopy (impact factor: 5.21). 09/1998; 30(6):S70-1. pp.S70-1
Article: Endogenous plasma endothelin concentrations and coronary circulation in patients with mild dilated cardiomyopathy.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine whether increased plasma concentrations of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and big endothelin (BET) play a role in the regulation of coronary circulation in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). Tertiary referral centre for cardiac diseases. Fourteen patients (eight male/six female; mean (SD) age 59 (9) years) with IDCM (ejection fraction 36 (9)%) and five normotensive subjects (two male/three female; age 52 (7) years) serving as controls were studied. Functional status was classified according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) class. Endogenous ET-1 and BET plasma concentrations from the aorta and the coronary sinus were determined by radioimmunoassay. Coronary blood flow, using the inert chromatographic argon method, myocardial oxygen consumption, and coronary sinus oxygen content under basal conditions were determined. In the aorta, mean (SD) concentrations of ET-1 (IDCM 0.76 (0.25) v controls 0.31 (0.06) fmol/ml; p = 0.002) and BET (IDCM 3.58 (1.06) v controls 2.11 (0.58) fmol/ml; p = 0.014) were increased in patients with IDCM. Aortic ET-1 concentrations correlated positively with NYHA class (r = 0. 731; p < 0.001), myocardial oxygen consumption (r = 0.749; p < 0. 001), and coronary blood flow (r = 0.645; p = 0.003), but inversely with coronary sinus oxygen content (r = -0.633; p = 0.004), which was significantly decreased in IDCM patients (IDCM 4.68 (1.05) v controls 6.70 (1.06) vol%; p = 0.003). The coronary circulation in patients with IDCM is exposed to an increased endothelin load. ET-1 concentrations correlate with functional deterioration. A decrease of the coronary sinus content of oxygen suggests a mismatch between coronary blood flow and metabolic demand. Thus, ET-1 might be a marker of a disequilibrium between myocardial oxygen demand and coronary blood flow in IDCM.Heart (British Cardiac Society) 04/1999; 81(3):278-84. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vascular flow reserve (VFR) is the relative increase in tissue perfusion from the resting state to a state with maximum vasodilatation. Longstanding hypertension reduces the VFR, which in turn reduces the maximum working capacity of the tissue. In principle, both inward arteriolar remodelling and rarefaction of the microvascular network may contribute to this reduction. These processes are known to occur simultaneously in the microcirculation of the hypertensive individual and both cause a reduction in the luminal trans-sectional area available for perfusion. Which of them is the main factor responsible for the reduction in VFR is, however, not known. Here we present simulations performed on large microvascular networks to assess the VFR in various situations. Particular attention is paid to the VFR in networks in which the vessels have structurally adapted to a sustained increase in pressure by inward eutrophic remodelling (IER), i.e. by redistributing the same amount of wall material around a smaller lumen. Collectively, the results indicate that the IER may not per se be the main factor responsible for the hypertensive reduction in VFR. Rather, it may be explained by the presence of arteriolar and capillary rarefaction.Interface focus: a theme supplement of Journal of the Royal Society interface 02/2011; 1(1):117-31.
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