Antagonist binding profile of the split chimeric muscarinic m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor.
ABSTRACT Recent evidence suggests that G-protein-coupled receptors can behave as multiple subunit receptors, and can be split into parts, maintaining their binding ability. Transfection of a truncated muscarinic m2 receptor (containing transmembrane domains I-V, named m2-trunc) with a gene fragment coding for the carboxyl-terminal receptor portion of the muscarinic m3 receptor (containing transmembrane domains VI and VII, named m3-tail) results in the formation of a binding site with a high affinity for the muscarinic ligand N-[3H]methylscopolamine. In this paper we analyse the antagonist binding profile of this chimeric m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor in comparison with the wild-type muscarinic m2 and m3 receptors. While many of the substances tested had an intermediate affinity for the chimeric m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor compared with m2 and m3, some compounds were able to distinguish between the chimeric m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor on the one hand and the m2 or the m3 receptor on the other. Among them, tripitramine (a high-affinity M2 receptor antagonist) bound to the m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor with the same affinity as m2, but it bound to the m3 receptor with a 103-fold lower affinity; pirenzepine (a selective muscarinic M1 receptor antagonist) bound to the chimeric receptor with an affinity that was 12- and 3-fold higher than that of m2 and m3, respectively. The results of this study demonstrate that the chimeric m2-trunc/m3-tail receptor has a pharmacological profile distinct from that of the originating muscarinic m2 and m3 receptors.
Annual reports in medicinal chemistry 01/2000; 35:271-279. DOI:10.1016/S0065-7743(00)35025-4 · 1.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The pharmacological characteristics of the presynaptic muscarinic receptor subtype, which mediates inhibition of the neurogenic contractions in the prostatic portion of rabbit vas deferens, have been investigated by using a series of polymethylene tetra-amines, which were selected for their ability to differentiate among muscarinic receptor subtypes. It was found that all tetra-amines antagonized McN-A-343-induced inhibition in electrically stimulated rabbit vas deferens in a competitive manner and with affinity values (pA:(2)) ranging between 6.27+/-0.09 (spirotramine) and 8.51+/-0.02 (AM170). Competition radioligand binding studies, using native muscarinic receptors from rat tissues (M(1), cortex; M(2), heart; M(3), submaxillary gland) or from NG 108-15 cells (M(4)) and human cloned muscarinic M(1)-M(4) receptors expressed in CHO-K1 cells, were undertaken with the same tetra-amines employed in functional assays. All antagonists indicated a one-site fit. The affinity estimates (pK:(i)) of tetra-amines calculated in binding assays using native receptors were similar to those obtained using cloned receptors. Among these compounds some displayed selectivity between muscarinic receptor subtypes, indicating that they may be valuable tools in receptor characterization. Spirotramine was selective for M(1) receptors versus all other subtypes (pK:(i) native: M(1), 7.32+/-0.10; M(2), 6.50+/-0.11; M(3), 6.02+/-0.13; M(4), 6.28+/-0.16; pK:(i) cloned: M(1), 7.69+/-0.08; M(2), 6.22+/-0.14; M(3), 6.11+/-0.16; 6.35+/-0.11) whereas CC8 is highly selective for M(2) receptors versus the other subtypes (pK:(i) native: M(1), 7.50+/-0.04; M(2), 9.01+/-0.12; M(3), 6.70+/-0.08; M(4), 7.56+/-0.04; pK:(i) cloned: M(1), 7.90+/-0.20; M(2), 9.04+/-0.08; M(3), 6.40+/-0.07; M(4), 7.40+/-0.04). Furthermore, particularly relevant for this investigation were tetra-amines dipitramine and AM172 for their ability to significantly differentiate M(1) and M(4) receptors. The apparent affinity values (pA:(2)) obtained for tetra-amines in functional studies using the prostatic portion of rabbit vas deferens correlated most closely with the values (pK:(i)) obtained at either native or human recombinant muscarinic M(4) receptors. This supports the view that the muscarinic receptor mediating inhibition of neurogenic contractions of rabbit vas deferens may not belong to the M(1) type but rather appears to be of the M(4) subtype.British Journal of Pharmacology 04/2001; 132(5):1009-16. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjp.0703891 · 4.99 Impact Factor