Hoarding behavior in dementia. A preliminary report.
ABSTRACT Hoarding behavior has been reported in several mental disorders and is occasionally reported by the caregivers of dementia patients. Such behavior may have adverse effects on the patients and increase the burden of the caregivers. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hoarding behavior in patients with dementia and identify the characteristics and psychiatric symptoms associated with it. The sample was 133 dementia patients admitted to a geropsychiatric ward. Of the 133 dementia patients, 30 (22.6%) showed hoarding. Hoarding was found in various types of dementia. Patients with hoarding had a higher prevalence of repetitive behaviors, hyperphagia, and pilfering. Results suggested that hoarding behavior is a common symptom in dementia patients and a complex phenomenon. Better understanding of the underlying pathogenesis may highlight specific pharmacological or behavioral methods for treatment of the behavior.
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ABSTRACT: The eating habits of 33 patients with dementia were studied. They were assessed by semistructured interview with a relative who was able to act as an informant for the whole period of the dementia. Changes in eating were found to be common and included both increased and decreased food intake, altered food choice, the consumption of inedible substances and disturbances in the process of eating. The clinical significance of these changes and some likely underlying mechanisms are discussed.The British Journal of Psychiatry 07/1989; 154:801-6. · 6.61 Impact Factor
- Journal of Psychiatric Research 12/1975; 12(3):189-98. · 4.07 Impact Factor
- Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 02/1991; 54(1):88. · 4.92 Impact Factor