Sequence and expression of DmMKLP1, a homolog of the human MKLP1 kinesin-like protein from Drosophila melanogaster.
ABSTRACT We have isolated the Drosophila gene DmMKLP1, which has a high similarity to members of the mitotic kinesin-like subfamily of kinesin proteins. DmMKLP1 has no known close relatives in the Drosophila genome and can therefore be assumed to be the ortholog of human MKLP1 and hamster CHOI kinesin-like proteins. In situ hybridization reveals a homogeneous maternal expression in the early embryo and a terminally restricted expression pattern at blastoderm stage. Later, the expression becomes increasingly restricted to the developing central nervous system, where it remains expressed at least until the end of embryogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: The probability that a residue in a protein is part of a coiled-coil structure was assessed by comparison of its flanking sequences with sequences of known coiled-coil proteins. This method was used to delineate coiled-coil domains in otherwise globular proteins, such as the leucine zipper domains in transcriptional regulators, and to predict regions of discontinuity within coiled-coil structures, such as the hinge region in myosin. More than 200 proteins that probably have coiled-coil domains were identified in GenBank, including alpha- and beta-tubulins, flagellins, G protein beta subunits, some bacterial transfer RNA synthetases, and members of the heat shock protein (Hsp70) family.Science 06/1991; 252(5009):1162-4. · 31.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The cellular processes of transport, division and, possibly, early development all involve microtubule-based motors. Recent work shows that, unexpectedly, many of these cellular functions are carried out by different types of kinesin and kinesin-related motor proteins. The kinesin proteins are a large and rapidly growing family of microtubule-motor proteins that share a 340-amino-acid motor domain. Phylogenetic analysis of the conserved motor domains groups the kinesin proteins into a number of subfamilies, the members of which exhibit a common molecular organization and related functions. The kinesin proteins that belong to different subfamilies differ in their rates and polarity of movement along microtubules, and probably in the particles/organelles that they transport. The kinesins arose early in eukaryotic evolution and gene duplication has allowed functional specialization to occur, resulting in a surprisingly large number of different classes of these proteins adapted for intracellular transport of vesicles and organelles, and for assembly and force generation in the meiotic and mitotic spindles.BioEssays 04/1996; 18(3):207-19. · 5.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new method called the neighbor-joining method is proposed for reconstructing phylogenetic trees from evolutionary distance data. The principle of this method is to find pairs of operational taxonomic units (OTUs [= neighbors]) that minimize the total branch length at each stage of clustering of OTUs starting with a starlike tree. The branch lengths as well as the topology of a parsimonious tree can quickly be obtained by using this method. Using computer simulation, we studied the efficiency of this method in obtaining the correct unrooted tree in comparison with that of five other tree-making methods: the unweighted pair group method of analysis, Farris's method, Sattath and Tversky's method, Li's method, and Tateno et al.'s modified Farris method. The new, neighbor-joining method and Sattath and Tversky's method are shown to be generally better than the other methods.Molecular Biology and Evolution 08/1987; 4(4):406-25. · 10.35 Impact Factor