We have isolated the Drosophila gene DmMKLP1, which has a high similarity to members of the mitotic kinesin-like subfamily of kinesin proteins. DmMKLP1 has no known close relatives in the Drosophila genome and can therefore be assumed to be the ortholog of human MKLP1 and hamster CHOI kinesin-like proteins. In situ hybridization reveals a homogeneous maternal expression in the early embryo and a terminally restricted expression pattern at blastoderm stage. Later, the expression becomes increasingly restricted to the developing central nervous system, where it remains expressed at least until the end of embryogenesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both the development and the maintenance of neurons require a great deal of active cytoplasmic transport. Much of this transport is driven by microtubule motor proteins. Membranous organelles and other macromolecular assemblies bind motor proteins that then use cycles of adenosine 5'-triphosphate hydrolysis to move these 'cargoes' along microtubules. Different sets of cargoes are transported to distinct locations in the cell. The resulting differential distribution of materials almost certainly plays an important part in generating polarized neuronal morphologies and in maintaining their vectorial signalling activities. A number of different microtubule motor proteins function in neurons; presumably they are specialized for accomplishing different transport tasks. Questions about specific motor functions and the functional relationships between different motors present a great challenge. The answers will provide a much deeper understanding of fundamental transport mechanisms, as well as how these mechanisms are used to generate and sustain cellular asymmetries.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 11/1999; 56(3-4):200-16. DOI:10.1007/s000180050422 · 5.81 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.