Epitopes on beta2-GPI recognized by anticardiolipin antibodies.
ABSTRACT Anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) found in sera from patients with antiphospholipid syndrome recognize a cryptic epitope that appears on the beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2-GPI) molecule when beta2-GPI interacts with a lipid membrane composed of negatively charged phospholipid or when beta2-GPI is adsorbed on a polyoxygenated polystyrene plate. A homology based model of beta2-GPI was constructed based on the NMR coordinates of sushi domains of human factor H. The conformation was like a cylinder consisting of five domains, its IV and V domains being glued by electrostatic interaction. We used phage-displayed random peptide libraries to search the epitopes of human aCL. Structures similar to consensus sequences selected by a biopanning method was found on domain IV of beta2-GPI.
Article: The presence of anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies as risk factor for both arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In an effort to clarify the clinical significance of anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL) detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we examined the prevalence of anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies (anti-beta2-GPI), antiprothrombin antibodies (anti-PT), and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies (anti-PS/PT) in 175 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) comprising 67 patients with thrombotic complications. The present study showed that positive results of anti-beta2-GPI-ELISA and anti-PS/PT-ELISA could serve as markers of thrombotic complications in patients with SLE, whereas aCL and anti-PT are less reliable as markers of these complications. Furthermore, results of the anti-PS/PT-ELISA correlate best with the occurrence of both arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with SLE.Haematologica 06/2006; 91(5):699-702. · 6.42 Impact Factor