Relationships of serum leptin to body composition and resting energy expenditure.
ABSTRACT Body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), body fat, serum leptin concentration and resting energy expenditure (REE) were fitted in a multiple linear regression model in a group of individuals with stable body weight. While serum leptin concentration was well related to BW, to BMI and to body fat, no correlations with the REE values were found. This suggests that serum leptin concentration would represent an index of adiposity and poorly reflects energy metabolism.
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ABSTRACT: Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted protein that participates in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Eighty men were investigated; fertile normozoospermia as a control (n = 30) and infertile oligozoospermia (n = 50). The patients underwent estimation of body weight (kg), height (cm), calculation of body mass index (BMI), semen analysis, serum leptin and testosterone hormones. Mean body weight was significantly higher in infertile oligozoospermia compared with controls. Mean height, BMI and serum testosterone levels showed nonsignificant differences between the two groups. Infertile oligozoospermia had significantly higher mean serum leptin level than controls (mean +/- SD; 6.88 +/- 8.65, 16.3 +/- 13.98 ng ml(-1), P < 0.01). Serum leptin demonstrated significant positive correlation with age, body weight, BMI and significant inverse correlation with serum testosterone. It had nonsignificant correlation with the height and sperm concentration. These results are suggestive of a link between the adipocyte derived hormone, leptin and male reproduction.Andrologia 11/2007; 39(5):177-80. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An optically addressable field effect device incorporating functionalized nano-environments is demonstrated for the generation of multiple response signatures of a same analyte-sensing material combination. The device can operate unsupervised and different response mechanism can be simultaneously tested and incorporated in a multidimensional response. This proof of concept explores the well-known Pd-H2 case, while the concept is a breadboard for chemical imaging experiments.Procedia Chemistry. 01/2009; 1(1):224-227.
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ABSTRACT: 1. Although leptin increases sympathetic nerve activity and blood pressure, its direct action on large arterial rings is to cause relaxation. However, it is the small resistance arteries and veins that are important in blood pressure control. The effects of leptin on these small vessels has not been reported previously in the canine and the effect of leptin on the capacitance vessels is not known. 2. In the present study, third- or fourth-order canine mesenteric arteries and veins were isolated and placed in a perfusion myograph and preconstricted with noradrenaline. The responses to graded concentrations of leptin were determined and the role of nitric oxide was assessed by administration of N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), a blocker of nitric oxide synthase. 3. Leptin induced dose-related dilatations in both arterial and venous segments. The mean (+/-SEM) maximum increases in the diameter of the arteries and veins were 25.0 +/- 4.8 and 29.9 +/- 2.0% of the initial preconstriction, respectively. Relaxations of both arteries and veins were abolished by l-NAME or by endothelium denudation, although dilatations were still obtained to sodium nitroprusside, a nitric oxide donor. 4. These results indicate that leptin dilates canine small mesenteric arteries and veins by a mechanism involving endothelial release of nitric oxide. This observation may result in a decrease of peripheral resistance and venous return and, hence, counteract the leptin-induced neurally mediated vasoconstriction that has been reported previously.Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 09/2007; 34(8):771-4. · 2.16 Impact Factor