Factors influencing job satisfaction on specialty nursing units.
ABSTRACT In the midst of downsizing, restructuring, layoffs, hospital closures, mergers, and the beginning cycle of shortages in specialty units, nursing administrators must extend their understanding of the factors influencing job satisfaction and the implications these findings may have for nursing practice, in order to enhance the quality of worklife for nurses in a hospital setting and create competitive work environments. The Causal Model of Job Satisfaction for Nurses (Blegen & Mueller, 1987), including Leatt and Schneck's (1981) technology variable, was the conceptual framework used to look at the effect of the 14 variables (opportunity, routinization, autonomy, job communication, social integration, distributive justice, promotional opportunity, motivation, pay, workload, general training, kinship responsibility, unit size, technology) on job satisfaction. This study demonstrated a statistically significant positive correlation between autonomy, motivation and job satisfaction and a statistically significant negative correlation between routinization and job satisfaction.
Article: Nurse autonomy in cancer care.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The concept of autonomy is regarded as an essential element for gaining professional status. Yet, it remains poorly defined and understood. To date, there is little research that has focused on exploring how nurses in different specialty areas perceive autonomy. The purpose of this research was to explore oncology nurses' perceptions of autonomy and understand how they develop and exhibit autonomy in their everyday practice. Using Leininger's ethnonursing method, data were collected from 15 oncology nurses using semistructured interviews. Participant observation was also carried out through job shadowing to complement interview data. Three themes emerged from the findings: autonomy is an unspoken opportunity in the workplace; autonomy is developed through professional and personal growth acquired over time; and demonstrating autonomous behaviors is a conscious choice. The findings provide insight into how oncology nurses perceive, develop, and exhibit autonomy in everyday practice and how autonomous and collaborative clinical decision making contributes to quality cancer care. Descriptions of the meaning of autonomy and its explication in a nursing specialty practice can add to nursing knowledge by clarifying nurse autonomy and its relevance to nurses' work life. Descriptive studies can identify nurse behaviors and attitudes related to autonomy that may be measurable and relevant to real life.Cancer nursing 03/2010; 33(3):E21-8. · 1.88 Impact Factor
- IRB Ethics and Human Research 01/2010; 32(4):10-5.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this review is to describe nurses' work motivation from the perspective of staff nurses. This information would be useful for the development of motivation strategies and further research into nurses' work motivation. A thorough review of the research literature. The literature search was performed using four databases: CINAHL, PubMed, PsychINFO, and SocINDEX. Only studies that met the following criteria were selected for review: (1) were published between 1990 and 2009, (2) were written in English, (3) dealt with work motivation, (4) concerned working staff nurses, (5) involved empirical research, (6) clearly and explicitly provided the research results about the factors affecting nurses' work motivation. Altogether 24 studies met these criteria and were included in this review. Inductive content analysis was carried out to analyse and categorise the data. Nursing research has neither clear understanding nor consensus about the concept of work motivation; nor has a universal definition been adopted. Despite limited empirical evidence it may be concluded that staff nurses appear to be motivated. Five categories of factors affecting their work motivation were identified: (1) work-place characteristics, (2) working conditions, (3) personal characteristics, (4) individual priorities, and (5) internal psychological states. Further research is needed to gain a more comprehensive insight into nurses' work motivation and the factors affecting it. This can be achieved by defining the concept of work motivation as precisely as possible, working out a pertinent research methodology, and subsequently developing and testing a theoretical model of nurses' work motivation.International journal of nursing studies 10/2010; 48(2):246-57. · 1.91 Impact Factor