A comparison of two physiotherapy treatment approaches to improve walking in multiple sclerosis: a pilot randomized controlled study.
ABSTRACT To use a pilot study to compare two physiotherapy approaches to improve walking in patients with gait disturbance due to multiple sclerosis (MS).
Patients were assessed and then randomly assigned to one of two groups using a block randomization technique. They were treated by the research physiotherapist for a minimum of 15 treatments over a 5-7-week period and then reassessed by an independent therapist one week after treatment.
Both assessment and treatment were undertaken at a specialist rehabilitation centre.
Outpatients with clinically stable MS (chronic progressive or relapsing-remitting types) who were referred for physiotherapy to improve their mobility.
Comparison was between a facilitation (impairment-based) approach and a task-oriented (disability-focused) approach.
Mobility was assessed using four measures: the 10-metre timed walk, the Rivermead Mobility Index, stride length and the Rivermead Visual Gait Assessment. Balance was assessed using the Berg Balance Test.
Twenty-three patients were entered, and 10 in each group completed the study. The groups were similar on all measured items both before and after treatment. There was no significant difference in improvement between the two approaches. Following treatment, patients in both groups showed a significant overall improvement (p < 0.05) in both impairment and disability measures.
No significant differences in effectiveness between the two methods were demonstrated. Both a task-oriented approach and a facilitation approach to the treatment of MS outpatients were associated with improved mobility.
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ABSTRACT: Balance control relies on accurate perception of visual, somatosensory and vestibular cues. Sensory flow is impaired in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and little is known about the ability of the sensory systems to adapt after neurological lesions reducing sensory impairment. The aims of the present study were to verify whether:1.balance rehabilitation administered in a challenging sensory conditions would improve stability in upright posture 2.the improvement in a treated sensory condition would transfer to a non treated sensory condition METHODS: Fifty three persons with MS, median (min-max) EDSS score of 5 (2.5-6.5), participated in a RCT and were randomly assigned to two groups. The Experimental group received balance rehabilitation aimed at improving motor and sensory strategies. The Control group received rehabilitation treatment which did not include training of sensory strategies. Persons with MS were blindly assessed by means of a stabilometric platform with eyes open, eyes closed and dome, on both firm surface and foam. Anterior-posterior and medio-lateral sway, velocity of sway and the length of Center of Pressure (CoP) trajectory were calculated in the six sensory conditions.Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 06/2014; 11(1):100. · 2.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Exercise is well tolerated and induces relevant improvements in physical and mental functioning of persons with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Unfortunately, due to the wide variety of symptoms and the broad range of exercise interventions, it is not possible to make unified exercise recommendation as to what type of exercise is safe and effective for persons with MS.Neurorehabilitation 09/2014; · 1.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Robot-mediated post-stroke therapy for the upper-extremity dates back to the 1990s. Since then, a number of robotic devices have become commercially available. There is clear evidence that robotic interventions improve upper limb motor scores and strength, but these improvements are often not transferred to performance of activities of daily living. We wish to better understand why. Our systematic review of 74 papers focuses on the targeted stage of recovery, the part of the limb trained, the different modalities used, and the effectiveness of each. The review shows that most of the studies so far focus on training of the proximal arm for chronic stroke patients. About the training modalities, studies typically refer to active, active-assisted and passive interaction. Robot-therapy in active assisted mode was associated with consistent improvements in arm function. More specifically, the use of HRI features stressing active contribution by the patient, such as EMG-modulated forces or a pushing force in combination with spring-damper guidance, may be beneficial.Our work also highlights that current literature frequently lacks information regarding the mechanism about the physical human-robot interaction (HRI). It is often unclear how the different modalities are implemented by different research groups (using different robots and platforms). In order to have a better and more reliable evidence of usefulness for these technologies, it is recommended that the HRI is better described and documented so that work of various teams can be considered in the same group and categories, allowing to infer for more suitable approaches. We propose a framework for categorisation of HRI modalities and features that will allow comparing their therapeutic benefits.Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 07/2014; 11(1):111. · 2.62 Impact Factor