Characterization of an immunosuppressive anti-CD40 ligand monoclonal antibody.
ABSTRACT The interaction between CD40 ligand (CD40L) and its counter-receptor CD40 is critically important in T- and B-cell costimulation and generation of the humoral immune response. But several questions still remain unsolved, particularly in the human in vivo system. To clarify the precise function of CD40L and develop an immunosuppressive agent, we have generated a murine monoclonal antibody (MAb), 2B2 specific for human CD40L. The specificity of this MAb for human CD40L was verified by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay (ELISA) and flow cytometry. MAb 2B2 immunoprecipitated proteins of molecular weight 35 and 28 kD on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) plus ionomycin. Then we have studied the biological effect of MAb 2B2 in severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice reconstituted with human PBLs. The data showed that this MAb strongly suppressed human IgG production of human B cells transplanted in SCID mice, indicating that this MAb 2B2 could be used to regulate unwanted immune responses associated with autoimmune disease. Then we analyzed the sequence of MAb 2B2. The 2B2 heavy chain variable region (VH) and light chain variable region (VL) genes were cloned using PCR. The cloned VH gene coded for 123 amino acid residues and belonged to the subgroup III(D). The VL gene coded for 126 amino acid and belonged to the subgroup V. Collectively, these results will be used to develop an immunosuppressive chimeric or humanized anti-CD40L antibody.
- SourceAvailable from: Naida Jan Chalupny[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Signals delivered to B cells via CD40 can synergize with those provided by other B cell surface receptors to induce B cell proliferation and antibody class switching as well as modulate cytokine production and cell adhesion. Recently, it has been shown that the ligand for CD40 is a cell surface protein of approximately 39 kDa expressed by activated T cells, gp39. Here we report on the isolation and characterization of a cDNA clone encoding human gp39, a type II membrane protein with homology to TNF, and the construction and characterization of a soluble recombinant form of gp39. COS cell transfectants expressing gp39 synergized with either anti-CD20 mAb or PMA to drive strong B cell proliferation and alone were able to drive B cells to proliferate weakly. In all cases the B cell proliferation induced by gp39-expressing COS cells was reduced to background levels by the addition of soluble CD40. Unlike gp39-expressing COS cells, recombinant soluble gp39 was not mitogenic alone and required co-stimulation to drive B cell proliferation. These results suggest that B cells require a second signal besides gp39-CD40 to drive proliferation and that soluble gp39 alone in a non-membrane bound form is able to provide co-stimulatory signals to B cells.The EMBO Journal 01/1993; 11(12):4313-21. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: B cells and primary carcinomas express a surface molecule, Bp50 (CDw40), absent from other hematopoietic cells and from normal epithelium, and thought to play a regulatory role in B-cell maturation and epithelial neoplasia. In this work the sequence of a cDNA clone encoding Bp50 was analyzed by a newly derived transition matrix method. Among several interesting relationships with known receptors was found an extensive homology with the nerve growth factor receptor. The mRNA is induced by gamma-interferon in both B cells and epithelial neoplasms, suggesting a role for the molecule in the development of carcinomas at sites of chronic inflammation.The EMBO Journal 06/1989; 8(5):1403-10. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The CD40 surface molecule is a 277-amino-acid glycoprotein expressed on B lymphocytes, epithelial cells and some carcinoma cell lines. Monoclonal antibodies against CD40 mediate a variety of effects on B lymphocytes, including induction of intercellular adhesion, short- and long-term proliferation, differentiation and enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins. In addition, germinal centre centrocytes are prevented from undergoing apoptosis by activation through CD40 and receptor for antigen. These data indicate that CD40 could be a receptor for an unknown ligand with important functions in B-cell development and activation. This hypothesis is strengthened by the homology of the extracellular region of the CD40 molecule with a family of cell-surface glycoproteins that includes the receptors for nerve growth factor and tumour necrosis factor. Here we report the cloning of a ligand for CD40 that is expressed on the cell surface of activated T cells and mediates B-cell proliferation in the absence of co-stimulus, as well as IgE production in the presence of interleukin-4.Nature 06/1992; 357(6373):80-2. · 38.60 Impact Factor