Consanguineous marriages in the United Arab Emirates.
ABSTRACT This study examines the frequency of consanguineous marriage and the coefficient of inbreeding in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The study was conducted in Al Ain and Dubai cities between October 1994 and March 1995. A sample of 2033 married UAE females aged 15 years and over participated. The degree of consanguinity between each female and her spouse, and the degree of consanguinity between their parents were recorded. The rate of consanguinity in the present generation was high (50.5%) with a coefficient of inbreeding of 0.0222. The commonest type of consanguineous marriage was between first cousins (26.2%). Double first cousin marriages were common (3.5%) compared to other populations. The consanguinity rate in the UAE has increased from 39% to 50.5% in one generation. The level of consanguinity was higher in Al Ain (54.2%) than in Dubai (40%).
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ABSTRACT: Although single nucleotide polymorphism chromosomal microarrays identify areas of small genetic deletions or duplications, they can also reveal regions of homozygosity indicative of consanguinity. As more nongeneticists order single nucleotide polymorphism microarrays, they must prepare for the potential ethical, legal, and social issues that result from revelation of unanticipated consanguinity. We describe an infant with multiple congenital anomalies who underwent single nucleotide polymorphism microarray testing. The results of the single nucleotide polymorphism microarray revealed several large regions of homozygosity that indicated identity by descent most consistent with a second-degree or third-degree relative mating (e.g., uncle/niece, half-brother/sister, first cousins). The mother was not aware of the test's potential to reveal consanguinity. When informed of the test results, she reluctantly admitted to being raped by her half-brother around the time of conception. During the pretesting consent process, providers should inform parents that single nucleotide polymorphism microarray testing could reveal consanguinity. Providers must also understand the psychological implications, as well as the legal and moral obligations, that accompany single nucleotide polymorphism microarray results that indicate consanguinity.Pediatric Neurology 07/2013; 49(1):50-3. · 1.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Tribalism and consanguineous marriages are common in parts of the world with a high prevalence of the β-thalassemia (β-thal) mutations, and increase the risks of homozygosity for this and other recessive disorders. We explored the frequency of β-thal genes and β-thal carriers in 5672 subjects screened before marriage, of whom 2262 were couples. The mean coefficient of inbreeding (F) in the population was estimated from self-reported relationships to prospective spouses in 383 subjects. Overall frequency of β-thal mutations and β-thal carriers in the population were 1.16 and 2.3%, respectively. Among the 14 largest tribes, β-thal carrier frequencies varied from 0 to 13.6%. The estimated F in the population was 0.022. The expected number of couples needed to be screened to detect one couple who were both β-thal carriers in the non inbreeding (F = 0) and inbreeding (F = 0.022) population was 1858 and 646, respectively. However, among 2262 couples, 10 were both β-thal carriers, i.e., 1 in 226 couples, significantly (p = 0.02) more than expected by taking only inbreeding into account. Although β-thal mutations are relatively rare, the burden of β-thal disease is increased eight-fold by tribalism and consanguinity.Hemoglobin 04/2013; · 0.89 Impact Factor
Dataset: Consanguinity JBS 2012