Automated detection of the factor V Leiden mutation using the LCx microparticle enzyme immunoassay

Hematology-Oncology Section, Brockton-West Roxbury Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Brockton, MA 02410, USA.
Clinical Chemistry (Impact Factor: 7.91). 01/1999; 45(1):41-6.
Source: PubMed


The factor V Leiden mutation, a G-->A transition at position 1691 in exon 10 of the gene that codes for factor V, produces an Arg506Gln substitution and is the most common genetic risk factor for venous thrombosis. We have developed a rapid, sensitive, and specific method to detect the factor V Leiden mutation in genomic DNA from whole blood by PCR amplification and microparticle enzyme immunoassay detection using the Abbott LCx instrument. We compared this automated method with the standard procedure using restriction endonuclease digestion of PCR products followed by gel electrophoresis in blinded experiments. In 130 patients (from Veterans Affairs medical centers) with deep venous thromboses, including 24 heterozygotes with the factor V Leiden mutation, there was complete agreement between the two methods. The assay was also able to distinguish heterozygotes from homozygotes. This method, which carries a low potential for cross-contamination of samples, should be a useful routine test for the factor V Leiden mutation in clinical laboratories with sufficient demand for molecular diagnostic assays using the LCx instrument.

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    ABSTRACT: The Factor V Leiden mutation is an important human polymorphism, responsible for increased risk of venous thrombosis in heterozygotes as well as homozygotes. Therefore, screening is a useful possibility, and many detection systems have been described for PCR products. We have developed a simplified and robust assay using oligonucleotide probes for normal and mutant sequences, labeled with europium and samarium, respectively, and measured by time-resolved fluorescence. Populations consisting of 233 Welsh and 148 Irish subjects were examined by both restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis and our assay. The allele frequency was 14/466 in the Welsh and 5/296 in the Irish population, in line with other surveys of European populations. Results were not obtained in 2/381 samples by RFLP, compared with 1/381 with our method. We conclude that our method represents an improved system capable of considerable throughput at reasonable cost.
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