Suspension "hypokinesia/hypodynamia" may decrease bone mass by stimulating osteoclast production in ovariectomized mice.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to examine, in detail, the histological changes in the femurs of suspended ovariectomized (OVX) mice to assess the role of mechanical stress on bone remodeling. Suspended-OVX, suspended-sham-ope, nonsuspended-OVX, and nonsuspended-sham-operated mice underwent operations 8 weeks after birth. Immediately after operation, hypokinesia/hypodynamia was created by a suspension harness for one week. Five specimens in each group were sacrificed 9 weeks after birth. The trabecular bone of the femurs in the suspended-OVX mice was removed and replaced extensively by bone marrow. The number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive cells was larger in the suspended-OVX mice than in the remaining three groups. No significant differences in the number of TRAP positive cells were found between the suspended-sham-ope, nonsuspended-OVX and nonsuspended-sham-ope mice. The femurs of the OVX mouse with suspension "hypokinesia/hypodynamia" thus exhibits extensive trabecular bone loss in association with an increase of osteoclasts.