Article

Genetic and Molecular Basis of Cardiac Arrhythmias: Impact on Clinical Management Part III

Molecular Cardiology and Electrophysiology Laboratory, Fondazione S. Maugeri, IRCCS, Pavia, Italy.
Circulation (Impact Factor: 14.95). 03/1999; 99(4):518-28. DOI: 10.1161/01.CIR.99.5.674
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Genetic approaches have succeeded in defining the molecular basis of an increasing array of heart diseases, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the long-QT syndromes, associated with serious arrhythmias. Importantly, the way in which this new knowledge can be applied to managing patients and to the development of syndrome-specific antiarrhythmic strategies is evolving rapidly because of these recent advances. In addition, the extent to which new knowledge represents a purely research tool versus the extent to which it can be applied clinically is also evolving. The present article represents a consensus report of a meeting of the European Working Group on Arrhythmias. The current state of the art of the molecular and genetic basis of inherited arrhythmias is first reviewed, followed by practical advice on the role of genetic testing in these and other syndromes and the way in which new findings have influenced current understanding of the molecular and biophysical basis of arrhythmogenesis.

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