Article

Which is more useful, the "full can test" or the "empty can test," in detecting the torn supraspinatus tendon?

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Akita University School of Medicine, Japan.
The American Journal of Sports Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.44). 01/1999; 27(1):65-8. DOI: 10.1177/03635465990270011901
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical usefulness of the full can and empty can tests for determining the presence of a torn supraspinatus tendon. The two tests were performed in 143 shoulders of 136 consecutive patients. In each test, the muscle strength was determined by manual muscle testing, and the presence of pain during the maneuver was recorded. We interpreted the tests as positive when there was 1) pain, 2) muscle weakness, or 3) pain or muscle weakness or both. Shoulders were examined by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging with 95% accuracy for full-thickness rotator cuff tears. There were 35 shoulders with full-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon. The accuracy of the tests was the greatest when muscle weakness was interpreted as indicating a torn supraspinatus tendon in both the full can test (75% accurate) and the empty can test (70% accurate). However, there was no significant difference between the accuracy of the tests when this criterion was used. Pain was observed in 62 shoulders (43%) during the full can test and in 71 shoulders (50%) during the empty can test, but the difference was not statistically significant. Muscle weakness should be interpreted as indicative of supraspinatus tendon tear. Using this indicator, both tests are equivalent in terms of accuracy, but considering pain provocation, the full can test may be more beneficial in the clinical setting.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
330 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prospective cohort study. To determine the effect of rotator cuff tear size on shoulder strength and range of motion. Patients with rotator cuff pathology typically present with weakness and motion loss in various motions. The extent to which the presence of a rotator cuff tear and the size of the tear affect strength and range of motion is not well understood. Sixty-one patients scheduled for surgery, with a diagnosis of a rotator cuff tear and/or subacromial impingement, underwent examination for shoulder pain, function, range of motion, and strength. The extent of rotator cuff pathology was documented during subsequent surgery (presence of tear, tear size, tear thickness). There were 10 massive tears, 15 large tears, 13 medium tears, 12 small tears, and 11 rotator cuffs without a tear. Patients had marked weakness in abduction strength at 90 degrees and 10 degrees of abduction, in external rotation strength at 90 degrees, and in the "full can test" (all, P<.0001). Marked range of motion losses in shoulder flexion and external rotation at 0 degrees and 90 degrees abduction (all, P<.001) were also observed. Abduction strength deficit at 10 degrees was affected by rotator cuff tear size (P<.0001). Twenty of 25 patients with large or massive tears had deficits greater than 50%, compared with only 1 of 11 patients with no tear, 2 of 12 patients with a small tear, and 5 of 13 patients with a medium tear (P<.0001). Other strength and range of motion deficits or indices of pain and function were unaffected by tear size. Weakness of greater than 50% relative to the contralateral side in shoulder abduction at 10 degrees of abduction was indicative of a large or massive rotator cuff tear.
    Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 03/2005; 35(3):130-5. · 2.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To investigate superior value of adding heavy load eccentric training to conservative treatment in patients with subacromial impingement. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with subacromial impingement were included and randomly allocated to the traditional rotator cuff training (TT) group (n = 30, mean age = 39.4 ± 13.1 years) or traditional rotator training combined with heavy load eccentric training (TT + ET) group (n = 31, mean age = 40.2 ± 12.9 years). Isometric strength was measured to abduction at 0°, 45° and 90° of scapular abduction and to internal and external rotation. The SPADI questionnaire was used to measure shoulder pain and function. Patients rated subjective perception of improvement. Outcome was assessed at baseline, at 6 and 12 weeks after start of the intervention. Both groups received 9 physiotherapy treatments over 12 weeks. At home, the TT group performed traditional rotator cuff strengthening exercises 1x/day. The TT + ET group performed the same exercises 1x/day and a heavy load eccentric exercise 2x/day. RESULTS: After treatment, isometric strength had significantly increased in all directions, and SPADI score had significantly decreased. The TT + ET group showed a 15 % higher gain in abduction strength at 90° of scapular abduction. Chi-square tests showed patients' self-rated perception of improvement was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: Adding heavy load eccentric training resulted in a higher gain in isometric strength at 90° of scapular abduction, but was not superior for decreasing pain and improving shoulder function. This study showed that the combination of a limited amount of physiotherapy sessions combined with a daily home exercise programme is highly effective in patients with impingement. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II.
    Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 05/2012; · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: SYNOPSIS: The biomechanical analysis of rehabilitation exercises has led to more scientifically based rehabilitation programs. Several investigators have sought to quantify the biomechanics and electromyographic data of common rehabilitation exercises in an attempt to fully understand their clinical indications and usefulness. Furthermore, the effect of pathology on normal shoulder biomechanics has been documented. It is important to consider the anatomical, biomechanical, and clinical implications when designing exercise programs. The purpose of this paper is to provide the clinician with a thorough overview of the availableliterature relevant to develop safe, effective, and appropriate exercise programs for injury rehabilitation and prevention of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5.
    Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy 03/2009; 39(2):105-17. · 2.95 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
7 Downloads
Available from