A simple pressure microinjecting system for delivery of small substance volumes to the brain: application to the developmental study of thalamo-cortical projections in foetal and neonatal rats.
ABSTRACT We describe a reliable and inexpensive method for placing injections of anatomical tracers into the brain of lower mammals. The pressure microinjecting system we developed is specifically designed to deliver very small amount of substances. The injecting portion of the system is relatively easy to assemble and can be repeatedly used for multiple experimental sessions. The system has been validated with experiments of multiple fluorescent retrograde tracing. In these experiments the populations of thalamo-cortical neurons were consistently labeled by the tracers injected bilaterally and symmetrically in the cortex of foetal and neonatal rats.
Article: A microinjection technique for targeting regions of embryonic and neonatal mouse brain in vivo.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A simple pressure injection technique was developed to deliver substances into specific regions of the embryonic and neonatal mouse brain in vivo. The retrograde tracers Fluorogold and cholera toxin B subunit were used to test the validity of the technique. Injected animals survived the duration of transport (24-48 h) and then were sacrificed and perfused with fixative. Small injections (<or=50 nL) were contained within targeted structures of the perinatal brain and labeled distant cells of origin in several model neural pathways. Traced neural pathways in the perinatal mouse were further examined with immunohistochemical methods to test the feasibility of double labeling experiments during development. Several experimental situations in which this technique would be useful are discussed, for example, to label projection neurons in slice or culture preparations of mouse embryos and neonates. The administration of pharmacological or genetic vectors directly into specific neural targets during development should also be feasible. An examination of the form of neural pathways during early stages of life may lead to insights regarding the functional changes that occur during critical periods of development and provide an anatomic basis for some neurodevelopmental disorders.Brain research 10/2009; 1307:43-52. · 2.46 Impact Factor