ThinPrep Pap Test. Accuracy for glandular disease.
ABSTRACT Although the ThinPrep Pap Test is replacing conventional Pap smears in many clinical practices, experience with the identification of glandular lesions is limited. In this study, ThinPrep cytology of glandular lesions was evaluated in a large, inner city teaching hospital with high rates of glandular abnormality.
Six months of ThinPrep diagnoses in 1998, following nearly 100% conversion of the laboratory to the ThinPrep Pap Test, were compared to January-December 1997 conventional smear diagnoses for glandular disease. Biopsy confirmation was evaluated for these cases. Findings on all biopsy-confirmed glandular cases were also compared to findings on cytology.
Similar overall rates of glandular cytology were found. For conventional smears (12 months), 46 cases were diagnosed out of 43,289 smears (0.11%). For ThinPrep cytology (six months), 36 cases were diagnosed out of 25,783 slides (0.14%, P = NS). In the year 1997, 9 biopsy-confirmed conventional smear diagnoses of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) or adenocarcinoma were noted versus 10 for six months of 1998 for the ThinPrep method. A statistically significant reduction in the number of miscellaneous nonglandular (squamous) biopsy diagnoses were found with ThinPrep glandular cytology (14 vs. 4 cases, P < .05). For known biopsy-confirmed glandular cases of AIS or adenocarcinoma, a statistically significant reduction in the cytology false negative rate was noted with the ThinPrep method (17 vs. 4 cases, P < .02).
The ThinPrep method provides more accurate diagnoses of glandular disease, with an increase in both sensitivity and specificity for glandular lesions.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A. Talaat, D. Brinkmann, J. Dhundee, Y. Hana, J. Bevan, R. Irvine, S. Bailey and R. Woolas Risk of significant gynaecological pathology in women with ?glandular neoplasia on cervical cytology Objective: To review the risk of pre-invasive and invasive gynaecological pathology in women referred with cervical cytology reporting ?glandular neoplasia. Methods: Review of the case notes of all women referred with cervical cytology reported as ?glandular neoplasia between January 1999 and December 2008 at two UK hospitals: Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust and Queen Mary's Hospital Sidcup. The category of 'borderline nuclear change in endocervical cells', result code 8 according to the national health service cancer screening programme (NHSCSP), was excluded from the study. Results: A total of 200 women were identified using the hospitals' pathology computer systems. Invasive carcinoma was found in 48 women (24%): 28 endocervical adenocarcinomas, eight squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), ten endometrial and two ovarian adenocarcinomas. Pre-invasive neoplasia was found in 115 (57.5%), including 14 cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia (CGIN), 31 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2/3 and 70 concomitant CGIN and CIN2/3. CIN1/HPV was found in 25, simple endometrial hyperplasia in three and no histological abnormality in three. Thirty-four (70.8%) of 48 invasive carcinomas (of which 23 were endocervical adenocarcinomas) were in asymptomatic women investigated for abnormal cytology. Fourteen of 34 (41.4%) of those with ?glandular neoplasia thought to be endometrial were CGIN or CIN2/3. Colposcopic appearances were normal in 47.6% of women with pure cervical glandular neoplasia (adenocarcinoma or CGIN) compared with 12.8% with squamous cell lesions (CIN2/3 or SCC): P = 0.0001. Thus, colposcopy was more sensitive for detecting squamous cell abnormalities than their glandular counterparts. Although cervical adenocarcinomas are less amenable to prevention by screening than cervical SCC, in our study cervical cytology predominantly detected these abnormalities at their early asymptomatic stages. Conclusion: At least CIN2 was found in 81.5% in women referred with cervical cytology reporting ?glandular neoplasia. A thorough evaluation of the whole genital tract is needed if colposcopy is negative.Cytopathology 07/2011; · 1.71 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Major advances in screening have lowered the death rate from cervical cancer in the United States. One of the first major advances in cervical cancer screening was the Papanicolaou (Pap) test. The second major advance was liquid-based cytology (LBC). This review presents a wide range of data, discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the available information regarding Pap technologies, and reviews the meta-analyses, which have examined the differences in clinical performance. The review concludes with information on new and future developments to further decrease cervical cancer deaths.Reviews in obstetrics and gynecology 01/2011; 4(Suppl 1):S2-S11.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The incidence rates of cervical adenocarcinoma have been increasing over the last two decades, contrary to those of squamous cell carcinoma. This trend is particularly evident among females aged <40 years and has occurred despite extensive cytology-based screening programs. The aim of the present retrospective database study was to investigate adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) with respect to previous cytological results, high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and histological results from AIS-adjacent squamous mucosa. Databases were used to identify 32 female patients with AIS treated for various conditions between 2009 and 2012 at the Department of Gynecology, Uppsala University Hospital (Uppsala, Sweden) and previous cytological, HPV and histological results. Of the individuals in the study, 64.3% had a previously recorded cytological result showing squamous cell abnormalities; five had glandular cell abnormalities (18%) and two had AIS (7.1%). Among the patients with available HPV results, 95% were HR-HPV-positive; HPV18/45 predominated (77%), followed by HPV16 (27%). The patients with multiple HPV infections were aged ≤32 years, while patients aged ≥38 years were only infected with HPV18/45. All but three patients had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in the AIS-adjacent squamous mucosa, 79% of which was CIN2 or worse. The present retrospective database study suggests that AIS is detected at screening mainly due to simultaneous squamous precursor lesions and that HPV18/45 infection is an increasing cofactor for AIS in older patients. HPV analyses of glandular precursor lesions aid in the identification of female individuals at risk of progression to invasive disease, and thus have a favorable effect on adenocarcinoma prevention, together with vaccination.Oncology letters 07/2013; 6(1):215-219. · 0.24 Impact Factor