Article

Cleavage experiments with deoxythymidine 3',5'-bis-(p-nitrophenyl phosphate) suggest that the homing endonuclease I-PpoI follows the same mechanism of phosphodiester bond hydrolysis as the non-specific Serratia nuclease.

Institut für Biochemie (FB 15), Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany.
FEBS Letters (Impact Factor: 3.58). 02/1999; 443(2):209-14. DOI: 10.1016/S0014-5793(98)01660-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We show here that two nucleases, Serratia nuclease and I-PpoI, with contrasting specificities, i.e. non-specific vs. highly sequence specific, share a structurally similar active site region with conservation of the catalytically relevant histidine and asparagine residues. On the basis of a comparison of the available structures and biochemical data for wild type and mutant variants of Serratia nuclease and I-PpoI we propose that both enzymes have a common catalytic mechanism, a proposition that is supported by our finding that both enzymes accept deoxythymidine 3',5'-bis-(p-nitrophenyl phosphate) as a substrate and cleave it in an identical manner. According to this mechanism a histidine residue functions as a general base and Mg2+ bound to an asparagine residue as a Lewis acid in phosphodiester bond cleavage.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
42 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dynamics and structure of Serratia marcescens endonuclease and its neighboring solvent are investigated by molecular dynamics (MD). Comparisons are made with structural and biochemical experiments. The dimer form is physiologic and functions more processively than the monomer. We previously found a channel formed by connected clusters of waters from the active site to the dimer interface. Here, we show that dimerization clearly changes correlations in the water structure and dynamics in the active site not seen in the monomer. Our results indicate that water at the active sites of the dimer is less affected compared with bulk solvent than in the monomer where it has much slower characteristic relaxation times. Given that water is a required participant in the reaction, this gives a clear advantage to dimerization in the absence of an apparent ability to use both active sites simultaneously.
    Biopolymers 03/2007; 85(3):241-52. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Using information from wild-type and mutant Vibrio vulnificus nuclease (Vvn) and I-PpoI homing endonuclease co-crystallized with different oligodeoxynucleotides, we have built the complex of Vvn with a DNA octamer and carried out a series of simulations to dissect the catalytic mechanism of this metallonuclease in a stepwise fashion. The distinct roles played in the reaction by individual active site residues, the metal cation and water molecules have been clarified by using a combination of classical molecular dynamics simulations and quantum mechanical calculations. Our results strongly support the most parsimonious catalytic mechanism, namely one in which a single water molecule from bulk solvent is used to cleave the phosphodiester bond and protonate the 3'-hydroxylate leaving group.
    ChemBioChem 11/2011; 12(17):2615-22. · 3.74 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endonuclease G (EndoG) is a mitochondrial enzyme that responds to apoptotic stimuli by translocating to the nucleus and cleaving chromosomal DNA. EndoG is the main apoptotic endonuclease in the caspase-independent pathway. Mouse EndoG without the mitochondrial localization signal (amino-acid residues 1-43) was successfully overexpressed, purified and crystallized using a microbatch method under oil. The initial crystal (type I) was grown in the presence of the detergent CTAB and diffracted to 2.8 A resolution, with unit-cell parameters a = 72.20, b = 81.88, c = 88.66 A, beta = 97.59 degrees in a monoclinic space group. The crystal contained two monomers in the asymmetric unit, with a predicted solvent content of 46.6%. Subsequent mutation of Cys110 improved the stability of the protein significantly and produced further crystals of types II, III and IV with space groups C2, P4(1)2(1)2 (or P4(3)2(1)2) and P2(1)2(1)2(1), respectively, in various conditions. This suggests the critical involvement of this conserved cysteine residue in the crystallization process.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 06/2009; 65(Pt 5):504-7. · 0.55 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
7 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014

Peter Friedhoff