Functional proteomics analysis of signal transduction pathways of the platelet-derived growth factor beta receptor
ABSTRACT We report efficient methods for using functional proteomics to study signal transduction pathways in mouse fibroblasts following stimulation with PDGF. After stimulation, complete cellular proteins were separated using two-dimensional electrophoresis and phosphorylated proteins were detected with anti-phosphotyrosine and anti-phosphoserine antibodies. About 260 and 300 phosphorylated proteins were detected with the anti-phosphotyrosine and anti-phosphoserine antibodies, respectively, at least 100 of which showed prominent changes in phosphorylation as a function of time after stimulation. Proteins showing major time-dependent changes in phosphorylation were subjected to in-gel digestion with trypsin and identified by mass spectroscopy using MALDI-TOF mass fingerprinting and ESI peptide sequencing. We have observed phosphorylated proteins known to be part of the PDGF signal transduction pathway such as ERK 1, serine/threonine protein kinase akt and protein tyrosine phosphatase syp, proteins such as proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase fgr previously known to participate in other signal transduction pathways, and some proteins such as plexin-like protein with no previously known function in signal transduction. Information about the phosphorylation site was obtained for proto-oncogene tyrosine kinase fgr and for cardiac alpha-actin. The methods used here have proven to be suitable for the identification of time-dependent changes in large numbers of proteins involved in signal transduction pathways.
SourceAvailable from: Alessandra Moscatelli[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pollen tubes are the vehicle for sperm cell delivery to the embryo sac during fertilisation of Angiosperms. They provide an intriguing model for unravelling mechanisms of growing to extremes. The asymmetric distribution of lipids and proteins in the pollen tube plasma membrane modulates ion fluxes and actin dynamics and is maintained by a delicate equilibrium between exocytosis and endocytosis. The structural constraints regulating polarised secretion and asymmetric protein distribution on the plasma membrane are mostly unknown. To address this problem, we investigated whether ordered membrane microdomains, namely membrane rafts, might contribute to sperm cell delivery. Detergent insoluble membranes, rich in sterols and sphingolipids, were isolated from tobacco pollen tubes. MALDI TOF/MS analysis revealed that actin, prohibitins and proteins involved in methylation reactions and in phosphoinositide pattern regulation are specifically present in pollen tube detergent insoluble membranes. Tubulins, voltage-dependent anion channels and proteins involved in membrane trafficking and signalling were also present. This paper reports the first evidence of membrane rafts in Angiosperm pollen tubes, opening new perspectives on the coordination of signal transduction, cytoskeleton dynamics and polarised secretion. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
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ABSTRACT: Background Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) has been implicated in the proliferation, migration and synthetic activities of smooth muscle cells that characterize physiologic and pathologic tissue remodeling in hollow organs. However, neither the molecular basis of PDGFR-regulated signaling webs, nor the extent to which specific components within these networks could be exploited for therapeutic benefit has been fully elucidated.ResultsExpression profiling and quantitative proteomics analysis of PDGF-treated primary human bladder smooth muscle cells identified 1,695 genes and 241 proteins as differentially expressed versus non-treated cells. Analysis of gene expression data revealed MYC, JUN, EGR1, MYB, RUNX1, as the transcription factors most significantly networked with up-regulated genes. Forty targets were significantly altered at both the mRNA and protein levels. Proliferation, migration and angiogenesis were the biological processes most significantly associated with this signature, and MYC was the most highly networked master regulator. Alterations in master regulators and gene targets were validated in PDGF-stimulated smooth muscle cells in vitro and in a model of bladder injury in vivo. Pharmacologic inhibition of MYC and JUN confirmed their role in SMC proliferation and migration. Network analysis identified the diaphanous-related formin 3 as a novel PDGF target regulated by MYC and JUN, which was necessary for PDGF-stimulated lamellipodium formation.Conclusions These findings provide the first systems-level analysis of the PDGF-regulated transcriptome and proteome in normal smooth muscle cells. The analyses revealed an extensive cohort of PDGF-dependent biological processes and connected key transcriptional effectors to their regulation, significantly expanding current knowledge of PDGF-stimulated signaling cascades. These observations also implicate MYC as a novel target for pharmacological intervention in fibroproliferative expansion of smooth muscle, and potentially in cancers in which PDGFR-dependent signaling or MYC activation promote tumor progression.Cell Communication and Signaling 08/2014; 12(1):44. DOI:10.1186/PREACCEPT-9184871921296322 · 4.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A fluorescent staining technique, using selective chelation with fluorophore and metal ion to the phosphate groups of phosphoproteins in SDS-PAGE is described. As a fluorescent dye and a metal ion, Fura 2 pentapotassium salt and Al(3+) were employed respectively. The staining method, Fura 2 stain, has sensitivities of 16-32 ng of α-casein and β-casein, 62 ng of ovalbumin, phosvitin and κ-casein using an ultra-violet transilluminator. Furthermore, Fura 2 stain is able to carry out continuative double detection of total proteins and phosphoproteins on the same gel within 3.5 h. Consequently, selective phosphoprotein and total protein detections could be obtained without other post-staining. Considering the low cost, simplicity and speed, Fura 2 staining may provide great practicalities in routine phosphoproteomics research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Electrophoresis 04/2014; 35(8). DOI:10.1002/elps.201300538 · 3.16 Impact Factor