Life-threatening bleeding in a case of autoantibody-induced factor VII deficiency.
ABSTRACT A male patient presented with life-threatening bleeding induced by autoantibody-induced factor VII (F.VII) deficiency. This patient had macroscopic hematuria, skin ecchymosis, gastrointestinal bleeding, and a neck hematoma that was causing disturbed respiration. He developed acute renal failure and acute hepatic failure, probably due to obstruction of the ureters and the biliary tract, respectively. Although activated partial thromboplastin time was normal, prothrombin time (PT) was remarkably prolonged at 71.8 seconds compared to 14.0 seconds in a normal control. Both the immunoreactive level of F.VII antigen and the F.VII activity of the patient's plasma samples were < 1.0% of normal. Although an equal part of normal plasma was added to the patient's plasma, PT was not corrected. The patient's plasma inhibited F.VII activity. These findings suggested the presence of a plasma inhibitor for F.VII. After administration of large doses of methylprednisolone, PT was gradually shortened and plasma levels of F.VII increased over time. Bleeding, acute renal failure, and acute hepatic failure improved markedly following the steroid treatment. These observations suggest that life-threatening bleeding can be induced by autoantibody-induced F.VII deficiency and that immunosuppressive therapy using large doses of steroid can be successful in inhibiting the production of the autoantibody.
SourceAvailable from: Birgit Reipert[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Human factor VIIa (FVIIa) is commonly used as bypassing therapy to treat bleeding episodes in hemophilia patients with neutralizing antibodies to factors VIII (FVIII) or IX (FIX). There is a need for a suitable animal model to assess the immunogenicity of new FVIIa products during preclinical development. The aim of this study was the design of a novel transgenic mouse model with immune tolerance to human FVIIa. METHODS: The model was generated by transgenic expression of human F7 cDNA. FVIIa-specific immune responses after treatment with human FVIIa were assessed by analyzing circulating antibodies, antibody producing plasma cells and CD4(+) T cells. RESULTS: In contrast to wild-type mice, human FVII transgenic mice did not develop antibodies when treated with human FVIIa. The immune tolerance was specific and could be broken by application of human FVIIa together with a strong stimulus of the innate immune system. Break of tolerance was associated with increased numbers of pro-inflammatory FVIIa-specific CD4(+) T cells. CONCLUSIONS: The new mouse model is suitable to study the influence of the innate immune system on maintenance and break of immune tolerance against FVIIa and could be used to assess the immunogenicity of new FVIIa products during pre-clinical development.Pharmaceutical Research 06/2013; DOI:10.1007/s11095-013-1115-3 · 3.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acquired factor VII (FVII) deficiency in the absence of vitamin K deficiency, oral anticoagulant therapy, synthetic liver dysfunction, or DIC is rare, with only a handful of cases thus far reported. In the period from 1990 to 1996 we identified eight patients with acquired FVII deficiency, all of whom presented with prolongation of the prothrombin time (PT) in the first 2 weeks following stem cell transplantation (SCT). The mean plasma FVII clotting activity (FVII:c) was 22% (range 8-35%) with an approximately equivalent reduction in FVII antigen (FVII:Ag) level. Mean plasma levels of fibrinogen and factors II, V, IX, and X were normal. Protein C activity was significantly depressed in only one of the three patients in whom it was measured. Several patients experienced bleeding complications, and hemorrhage directly accounted for death in two cases. Veno-occlusive disease of the liver developed in three patients. We conclude that FVII deficiency should be considered in the differential diagnosis of prolonged PT in patients who have recently undergone SCT. The mechanism of this acquired deficiency state remains to be defined.Bone Marrow Transplantation 04/2002; 29(5):403-8. DOI:10.1038/sj.bmt.1703381 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of transient acquired and isolated factor VII deficiency associated with severe head trauma. A 16-year-old boy was involved in a motor vehicle accident. CT scan showed frontal brain contusion and a cerebral haematoma (5 cm). First prothrombine time (PT) was normal. Rapidly, a severe coagulopathy developed, unresponsiving to fresh frozen plasma and vitamin K. Haemostatic markers analysis showed an isolated deficiency of factor VII at 15%. No inhibitory activity against factor VII could be detected. We successfully treated the deficiency with intermittent intravenous human factor VII (factor VII-LFB®) during 10 days. Factor VII return to normal at 84%. Physiopathological and therapeutic aspects of this rare pathology are presented.Annales Françaises d Anesthésie et de Réanimation 11/2005; 24(11):1383-1386. DOI:10.1016/j.annfar.2005.05.019 · 0.84 Impact Factor