An unusual case of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the liver.
ABSTRACT The authors present an unusual case of an epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the liver in a 67-year-old man who was admitted for resection of a gastric adenocarcinoma. At operation, a 3 x 3 cm mass in the right liver lobe was also removed. This mass consisted of duct-like structures with dual differentiation. The inner layer was composed of an epithelial lining, and the outer layer consisted of clear cells, all unrelated to the moderately well-differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. The clear cells were positive for S-100 and alpha-smooth muscle actin, suggesting myoepithelial origin. The mass was considered to be low-grade epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. However, the patient had a history of an oral nodule present since childhood, resected 10 years previously. These slides were reviewed and revealed a mixture of clear cells and basal cells with squamous differentiation. In addition, there were duct-like structures with the two-layer pattern found in the liver tumor. This tumor had numerous mitotic figures and showed perineural invasion, suggesting a high grade of malignancy. These findings led to an interpretation of the oral tumor as also being epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, which had remained as "benign" for more than 50 years and subsequently underwent malignant transformation. During this long period, liver metastases may have occurred and remained low-grade. Alternatively, the liver and oral tumors may have arisen separately in the foregut during embryologic development, remaining low-grade until malignant transformation occurred.
Article: Epithelial-Myoepithelial Carcinoma[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 01/2000; 24(2):308. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma (EMC) is a rare tumor that commonly involves the salivary glands. EMC of the maxillary sinus is extremely rare. We describe here a case of a 50-year-old patient who presented with right cheek swelling for 7 years and bilateral nasal obstruction and right nasal bleeding for 3 months. A pinkish polypoidal mass was seen in the right nasal cavity. Computed tomography scan revealed an expansile soft tissue mass in the right maxillary sinus with erosion of all of its walls. Histopathological examination of the excised specimen confirmed myoepithelial carcinoma with positive reaction to S-100 and smooth muscle actin. Subsequently, the patient developed regional nodal metastasis in the neck for which neck dissection was performed. Histopathology of the neck dissection specimen revealed metastatic EMC. EMC is rare tumor and a diagnostic dilemma. It should be considered in cases showing dual tumor cell population with clear cell change in histopathology. Common differential diagnosis includes metastatic renal cell carcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, oncocytoma, and sebaceous carcinoma. Laryngoscope, 2012.The Laryngoscope 03/2012; 122(7):1579-81. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myoepithelial carcinoma is a well-known tumor of salivary gland, representing 1% of all salivary gland tumors. They have also been reported in other sites as skin/soft tissue, breast and lung. This paper reports a rare case of primary myoepithelial carcinoma in the liver, as well as discusses the findings of immunohistochemistry. The clinical manifestations, imaging characteristics, and histopathological changes of myoepithelial carcinoma in this case were described. The patient was a 33 years old female presented with a cystic tumor in the right lobe of the liver. As the liver tumor increased in size within six months, malignant neoplasm was suspected and thus anterior hepatic segmentectomy was performed. The mass composed of glandular-like structures and trabecular sheets of spindled shaped cells and epithelioid cells which were positive for myoepithelial markers. The tumor recurred within one year, in the left lobe of the liver and partial left lobe lobectomy was performed. The tumor resected showed similar histology to the primary tumor. Three months later, another recurrence was noted for which radiofrequency ablation was performed. This report presents a recurrent case of myoepithelial carcinoma in the liver and suggests the possibility of biliary origin of such tumor.International journal of clinical and experimental pathology. 01/2014; 7(5):2647-53.