The protein binding of indomethacin, sulindak and diclofenac sodium is studied in the presence of some competitors: phenylbutazon and diazepam. A high-performance liquid affinity chromatography based on chiral stationary phases with immobilized human serum albumin is used. The competition of the markers and the drugs for two major high- and low-affinity binding sites is investigated. Using a mathematical procedure proposed by the same authors in a previous work the affinity constants of the binding drugs and markers for both types of site are calculated. An analogous behaviour is established for the three drugs-they have nearly the same affinity for the primary binding sites marked by phenylbutazon and diazepam and only one type of low-affinity site (diazepam-binding sites) is involved in binding. That can be explained assuming an overlapping sites.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-performance affinity chromatography (HPAC) is a method in which a biologically-related ligand is used as a stationary phase in an HPLC system. This approach is a powerful means for selectively isolating or quantitating agents in complex samples, but it can also be employed to study the interactions of biological systems. In recent years there have been numerous reports in which HPAC has been used to examine the interactions of drugs, hormones and other substances with serum proteins. This review discusses how HPAC has been used in such work. Particular attention is given to the techniques of zonal elution and frontal analysis. Various applications are provided for these techniques, along with a list of factors that need to be considered in their optimization and use. New approaches based on band-broadening studies and rapid immunoextraction are also discussed.
Journal of Chromatography B 03/2002; 768(1):3-30. DOI:10.1016/S0378-4347(01)00482-0 · 2.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An overview is given of several examples in which the direct detection mode is used for clinical testing with affinity ligands. This includes the use of boronates, lectins, protein A and protein G, and other miscellaneous ligands for such methods.
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