Money, morals and medical risks: conflicting notions underlying the recruitment of egg donors

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
Human Reproduction (Impact Factor: 4.57). 03/1999; 14(2):279-84. DOI: 10.1093/humrep/14.2.279
Source: PubMed
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    • "Considering the donation procedure, there is no difference between egg donors and embryo donor women, because they follow the same procedure and undergo the same treatment and take the same risks. Morality of commercial donation is not the issue of this paper, however, as we know, even in some countries that do not accept commercial donation such as the UK, compensation for the donor’s time, participation in lab tests and procedures, suffering from surgery and anesthesia can be acceptable (37). "
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    ABSTRACT: The use of donated embryos has offered hope for infertile couples who have no other means to have children. In Iran, fertility centers use fertile couples as embryo donors. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure will be discussed. We conclude that embryo-donation should be performed with frozen embryos thus preventing healthy donors from being harmed by fertility drugs. There must be guidelines for choosing the appropriate donor families. In countries where commercial egg donation is acceptable, fertile couples can be procured as embryo donors thus fulfilling the possible shortage of good quality embryos. Using frozen embryos seems to have less ethical, religious and legal problems when compared to the use of fertile embryo donors.
    Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine 03/2014; 12(3):169-174. · 0.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Paid egg sharing occurs when infertile patients receive infertility treatment free or at reduced cost in exchange for sharing some of their eggs with patients who require donated eggs. This approach to treatment is discussed in the context of the four principles of medical ethics, namely respect for autonomy, justice, beneficence and non-maleficence. The implications of these ethical considerations for responsible practice and regulation are considered.
    Human Reproduction 08/1999; 14(7):1912-8. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oocyte donation is a technique in full expansion in the field of human reproduction. The main problem with this technique is the shortage of oocytes. In our programme, prospective donors are selected from anonymous, well-informed university students over 18 years of age, who give their informed consent in writing. Before being accepted as donors, the candidates' personal and family medical histories were taken and they were given a gynaecological examination, genital ultrasonography, and analysed for syphilis, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, hepatitis B and C, coagulation factor VIII, fetal haemoglobin and karyotype. The donors received economic compensation of about 750 euros. Over the last 6 years, 554 medical histories have been taken. Fifty-eight candidates (10.5%) were rejected because of previous family or personal pathologies. Only 243 out of 496 (49%) continued the study. Sixteen candidates (7%) were rejected as a result of gynaecological problems and ultrasonographic results; and 12 (4.9%) as a result of their blood test results; 215 donors were accepted (38.8% of the original population). Other options for recruiting oocyte donors are commented on and we argue that the methodology described here is the most suitable one.
    Human Reproduction 12/1999; 14(11):2770-6. DOI:10.1093/humrep/14.11.2770 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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