Ginger: History and use

Phytopharm Consulting, Berlin, Germany.
Advances in Therapy (Impact Factor: 2.44). 11/1997; 15(1):25-44.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ginger is well known in the form of ginger sticks or ginger ale. If these are consumed during travel, the traveler imbibes, albeit subconsciously, a healing plant for motion sickness. The efficacy of ginger rhizome for the prevention of nausea, dizziness, and vomiting as symptoms of motion sickness (kinetosis), as well as for postoperative vomiting and vomiting of pregnancy, has been well documented and proved beyond doubt in numerous high-quality clinical studies. The use of this ancient medicine for gastrointestinal problems (stimulation of digestion) has been given scientific approval. Today, medicinal ginger is used mainly for prevention of the symptoms of travel sickness.

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    • "There are two valuable extracts of ginger, essential oil which varies as 0.8–4.2% and oleoresin in the range of about 7% depending on its origin habitat and agronomic treatment of culture [2]. Ginger oil possesses the natural aroma of crude ginger and is globally used in flavour, perfumer, and pharmaceutical and liqueur industry [3]. The therapeutic properties of ginger oil are antiseptic, antispasmodic , carminative, cephalic, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, and stomachic [4] [5]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The solvent-free microwave extraction of essential oil from ginger was optimized using a 23 full factorial design in terms of oil yield to determine the optimum extraction conditions. Sixteen experiments were carried out with three varying parameters, extraction time, microwave power, and type of sample for two levels of each. A first order regression equation best fits the experimental data. The predicted values calculated by the regression model were in good agreement with the experimental values. The results showed that the extraction time is the most prominent factor followed by microwave power level and sample type for extraction process. An average of 0.25% of ginger oil can be extracted using current setup. The optimum conditions for the ginger oil extraction using SFME were the extraction time 30 minutes, microwave power level 640 watts, and sample type, crushed sample. Solvent-free microwave extraction proves a green and promising technique for essential oil extraction.
    11/2014; 2014:1-5. DOI:10.1155/2014/828606
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    • "Ginger (Zingiber officinale) has traditionally been used in China for more than 2000 years for gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea[19] and vomiting. Ginger has been used as an antiemetic after chemotherapy,[2021] motion sickness,[22] Gynecological Surgery,[23] gynaecological laparoscopic surgeries,[24] gynaecological day care surgeries.[25] "
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    ABSTRACT: Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) frequently hampers implementation of ambulatory surgery in spite of so many costly antiemetic drugs and regimens. The study was carried out to compare the efficacy of ginger (Zingiber officinale) added to Ondansetron in preventing PONV after ambulatory surgery. It was a prospective, double blinded, and randomized controlled study. From March 2008 to July 2010, 100 adult patients of either sex, aged 20-45, of ASA physical status I and II, scheduled for day care surgery, were randomly allocated into Group A[(n = 50) receiving (IV) Ondansetron (4 mg) and two capsules of placebo] and Group B[(n = 50) receiving IV Ondansetron (4 mg) and two capsules of ginger] simultaneously one hour prior to induction of general anaesthesia (GA) in a double-blind manner. One ginger capsule contains 0.5 gm of ginger powder. Episodes of PONV were noted at 0.5h, 1h, 2h, 4h, 6h, 12h and 18h post- operatively. Statistically significant difference between groups A and B (P < 0.05), was found showing that ginger ondansetron combination was superior to plain Ondansetron as antiemetic regimen for both regarding frequency and severity. Prophylactic administration of ginger and ondansetron significantly reduced the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting compared to ondansetron alone in patients undergoing day care surgery under general anaesthesia.
    03/2014; 6(1):52-7. DOI:10.4103/0974-8490.122918
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    • "Ginger is a native plant of southeastern Asia that has been widely cultivated in Jamaica, China, India, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Haiti and Australia. These thick rhizomes, in dehydrated form, contain 40–60% carbohydrate, 10% protein, 10% fat, 5% fiber, 6% minerals, 10% water, 1–4% essential oil, 5–8% resin and mucilage (Langner et al., 1998; Shri, 2003; Mascolo et al., 1989; Mustafa et al., 1993, Awang, 1992). Ginger products have long been used in the management of motion sickness, dyspepsia, articular pain, local pains and vertigo (Grant and Lutz, 2000; Yarnell, 2002; Holtmann et al., 1989; Riebenfeld and Borzone, 1999; Micklefield et al., 1999; Grøntved and Hentzer, 1986; Altman and Marcussen, 2001). "
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    ABSTRACT: Frequency and torment caused by migraines direct patients toward a variety of remedies. Few studies to date have proposed ginger derivates for migraine relief. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of ginger in the ablation of common migraine attack in comparison to sumatriptan therapy. In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial, 100 patients who had acute migraine without aura were randomly allocated to receive either ginger powder or sumatriptan. Time of headache onset, its severity, time interval from headache beginning to taking drug and patient self-estimation about response for five subsequent migraine attacks were recorded by patients. Patients(,) satisfaction from treatment efficacy and their willingness to continue it was also evaluated after 1 month following intervention. Two hours after using either drug, mean headaches severity decreased significantly. Efficacy of ginger powder and sumatriptan was similar. Clinical adverse effects of ginger powder were less than sumatriptan. Patients' satisfaction and willingness to continue did not differ. The effectiveness of ginger powder in the treatment of common migraine attacks is statistically comparable to sumatriptan. Ginger also poses a better side effect profile than sumatriptan. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 03/2014; 28(3). DOI:10.1002/ptr.4996 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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