It is not known whether asthma constitutes a risk factor for osteoporosis or what the impact is of inhaled corticosteroids on bone mineral density (BMD). The study population (n = 3,222) was a random stratified sample from the Kuopio Osteoporosis Study, which included all women 47 to 56 yr of age residing in Kuopio Province, Eastern Finland. Spinal and femoral BMDs were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The BMD values of 119 asthmatics were cross-sectionally compared with those of 3,103 nonasthmatics. Of the 119 asthmatic women, 28 had not used corticosteroids, 65 had used oral corticosteroids, and 26 had used only inhaled corticosteroids. The asthmatics with no hormone replacement therapy (HRT) (n = 83) had lower mean spinal and femoral BMD value than did the corresponding nonasthmatics (spinal BMD, 1.083 +/- 0.150 [SD] versus 1.128 +/- 0.160 g/cm2, p < 0.05; femoral BMD, 0.894 +/- 0.112 [SD] versus 0.929 +/- 0.128 g/cm2, p < 0.05). Although BMDs were not significantly decreased in the asthmatics who had used inhaled corticosteroids, the duration of use correlated negatively with spinal BMD and was also associated with spinal BMD in multiple regression analysis. In perimenopausal women, asthma is associated with decreased bone density. This may be due to the corticosteroids rather than to the disease itself. However, HRT appears to be protective against bone loss also in asthmatics.
"They found an elevated fracture risk in both treated subgroups vs. healthy controls, without any difference between steroid and bronchodilator users, and concluded that an increased risk of fracture could be related more to the underlying respiratory disease than to inhaled corticosteroids. Laatikainen et al. (1999) discovered that BMD values of asthmatic women were not significantly decreased, but they revealed a negative association between BMD and the duration of inhaled steroid use, which was to some extent similar to our results. Conversely, some authors, using different diagnostic tools, have succeeded in proving a negative influence of inhaled steroids on the skeletal status. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess the skeletal status by quantitative ultrasound measurement at hand phalanges in asthmatic children treated with inhaled corticosteroids. Sixty-nine (69) children with a mean age of 10.9 ± 2.6 y and 251 controls matched for age and body size were enrolled into the study. The mean value of amplitude-dependent speed of sound in asthmatic children was 1953.8 ± 60.2 m/s and the mean Z-score was -0.05 ± 1.02; the corresponding values in the controls were 1951.0 ± 53.9 m/s and -0.26 ± 1.05, respectively. The results did not differ between the asthmatic and the healthy (control) children. A cumulative dose of inhaled steroids was identified in a stepwise regression analysis as a factor with potentially negative influence on bone status. In conclusion, the skeletal status in asthmatic children, assessed by quantitative ultrasound, shows no difference in comparison with healthy children. Nonetheless, special caution is necessary in case of long-term corticosteroid therapy, in which a slightly negative influence of treatment on the skeleton cannot be excluded.
Ultrasound in medicine & biology 09/2011; 37(11):1802-7. DOI:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2011.07.013 · 2.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article discusses inhaled glucocorticoid therapy, which offers the potential of controlling asthma without the side effects consistently associated with systemic glucocorticoids by delivering an efficacious topical dose with minimal systemic absorption. Topics discussed include hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression, growth, osteoporosis, ocular complications, and dermal thinning and bruising.
Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America 11/1999; 19(4):819-836. DOI:10.1016/S0889-8561(05)70124-7 · 1.82 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyse the correlates of reduced bone mineral density in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), with special regard to a possible protective role of hypercapnia. One hundred and four consecutive COPD inpatients in stabilized respiratory conditions underwent a comprehensive assessment of their health status. Bone mineral density was measured by X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar site and at the femoral neck site. Differences in health-related variables between patients with (group O, n=62) and without (group N, n=42) lumbar and/or femoral neck osteoporosis were assessed first by univariate analysis and then by logistic regression analysis aimed to identify independent correlates of osteoporosis. Group O was characterized by worse nutritional status, as reflected by indices exploring either lean or fat mass, and by a trend towards lower forced expiratory volume in 1 sec/forced vital capacity ratio. Arterial tension of carbon dioxide lacked any correlation with bone mineral density. According to the logistic regression analysis, body mass index < or = 22 kg m(-2) qualified as the only and positive independent correlate of osteoporosis (odds ratio=4.18; 95% confidence intervals=1.19-14.71). In conclusion, malnutrition characterizes COPD patients with osteoporosis, while mild to moderate hypercapnia lacks either a positive or negative effect on bone mineral density. Longitudinal studies are needed to identify predictors rather than correlates of bone mineral density.
Respiratory Medicine 11/2000; 94(11):1079-84. DOI:10.1053/rmed.2000.0916 · 3.09 Impact Factor
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