Study I: development and criterion validity of the Children's Interview for Psychiatric Syndromes (ChIPS).
ABSTRACT To test the psychometric properties of the Children's Interview for Psychiatric Syndromes (ChIPS), a second-generation structured diagnostic interview designed to improve on the methodology provided by first-generation structured interviews, which have increased diagnostic reliability over unstructured clinical interviews.
Forty-two children hospitalized on a children's inpatient unit were administered the ChIPS and the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DICA). The level of agreement regarding syndrome presence or absence of 15 diagnoses according to the two instruments was assessed using a standard kappa coefficient or a rare kappa coefficient and percentage agreement.
Agreement between the two instruments was significant (p < 0.05) for 13 of 14 diagnoses for which either kappa coefficient could be calculated. Percentage agreement was 98% and 100% for the remaining two diagnoses. ChIPS and DICA results also were compared with a psychiatrist's diagnoses. Sensitivity was 80% for ChIPS and 61% for DICA. Specificity was 78% for ChIPS and 87% for DICA.
ChIPS is proposed as a valid measure of child psychopathology that offers advantages over existing interviews.
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Article: War and children.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: P. R. Lehrman has edited a collection of the Freud-Burlingham reports issued by the Foster Parents' Plan for War Children, omitting the details of operation of the Hampstead Nurseries and stressing observations on the impact of war on young children. There are chapters on such subjects as: survey of psychological reactions; reaction to destruction; five types of air-raid anxiety; reunion after separation; artificial families, etc. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)Medicine Conflict and Survival 15(4).