Molecular analysis of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli isolates in Japan and its application to epidemiological investigation.
ABSTRACT Many outbreaks of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157 infections occurred in Japan in 1996. Molecular epidemiological analyses of the isolates by methods such as XbaI-digested, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), revealed that a variety of PFGE type strains have spread all over Japan. They also showed that such molecular methods are very useful for confirming the epidemiologically related isolates and in assisting the epidemiological investigation. Recent characteristic features of the infection are that the incidence of patients experiencing symptoms such as abdominal cramps, diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis is higher in children younger than 9 years old; however, that of asymptomatic carriers seems to be higher in adults; and that EHEC O157:H7-serotyped strains are still the main isolates, while the isolation frequency of other serotype strains, such as O26 and O111, is increasing.
Article: Evaluation of automated ribotyping system for characterization and identification of verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli isolated in Japan.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The usefulness of an automated ribotyping system (RiboPrinter) was evaluated for characterizing and identifying clinical isolates of 37 verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains and 16 non-VTEC strains. All strains were successfully ribotyped with satisfactory reproducibility and stability and characterized into 10 different ribogroups. All VTEC O157 strains were characterized into a specific ribogroup and correctly typed into the specific DuPont ID for VTEC O157:H7, while all of the non-VTEC O157 strains were clearly distinguished from VTEC O157. VTEC O26 and O111 strains, the most prevalent VTEC serotypes after O157, were also well characterized into specific ribogroups and identified. These results suggest that the RiboPrinter may have an advantage over other typing systems in that it can rapidly and easily discriminate VTEC from non-VTEC strains of the most prevalent VTEC serotypes in Japan, even though it provides a lesser degree of discrimination than pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). With a hierarchical or sequential typing combining the RiboPrinter and PFGE, rapid and accurate typing can be achieved during an outbreak of VTEC, which may be useful in clinical and public health settings.Japanese journal of infectious diseases 56(5-6):200-4. · 1.49 Impact Factor
Article: Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli O157:H7 from Swedish cattle; isolates from prevalence studies versus strains linked to human infections--a retrospective study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Several cases of human infection caused by verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157:H7 in Sweden have been connected with cattle farm visits. Between 1996 and 2002, 18 farms were classified as the source of human cases with isolation of EHEC (Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli) after VTEC O157:H7 had been isolated from cattle on those farms. Characterization by phage typing and molecular methods of the strains isolated from these 18 farms, including PCR for virulence genes (vtx1, vtx2 and variants thereof, eaeA and EHEC-hlyA) and Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE), demonstrated a cluster of very similar strains from 16 farms. All were of phage type 4, carried the genes encoding the verotoxins VT2 and VT2c, intimin, EHEC-haemolysin and flagellin H7 as shown by PCR, and had identical or very similar PFGE patterns. When analysing strains in a prevalence study of VTEC O157:H7 from cattle at slaughter as well as from an on-farm prevalence study of dairy cattle, using the same typing methods, a rather wide variation was observed among the isolated VTEC O157:H7 strains. In Sweden, a limited group of genetically similar and highly pathogenic VTEC O157:H7 strains seem to predominate in direct or indirect transmission from cattle to man.BMC Veterinary Research 01/2010; 6:7. · 2.00 Impact Factor
Article: Protection against Shiga toxin 1 challenge by immunization of mice with purified mutant Shiga toxin 1.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Shiga toxin 1 (Stx1) of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 was cloned, and four mutant Stx1s were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis with PCR. The wild-type and mutant Stx1s with amino acid replacements at positions 167 and 170 of the A subunit were purified by one-step affinity chromatography with commercially available Globotriose Fractogel, and the mutant Stxs were used for the immunization of mice. The mutant toxins were nontoxic to Vero cells in vitro and to mice in vivo and induced the immunoglobulin G antibody against the wild-type Stx1, which neutralized the cytotoxicity of Stx1. The induced antibody titers depended on the mutation at position 170 of the A subunit. The mice immunized with the mutant Stx1s were protected against a challenge of approximately 100 times the 50% lethal dose of the wild-type Stx1, suggesting that the mutant toxins are good candidates for toxoid vaccines for infection by Stx1-producing E. coli.Infection and Immunity 07/2003; 71(6):3235-9. · 4.16 Impact Factor