To find out which risk factors affect outcome after pneumonectomy.
Teaching hospital, The Netherlands.
62 patients who were treated for bronchial cancer by pneumonectomy between 1984 and 1995.
Hospital mortality and postoperative complications.
Hospital mortality increased with age, being 5/51 (10%) in the 40-69 age group and 4/11 (36%) in patients aged 70 or more. In the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I group hospital mortality was 8% (2/26), in class II 12% (3/26) and in class III 40% (4/10). Hospital mortality was highest when the FEV1:FVC-ratio was below 55%. Cardiac arrhythmias developed in 8 (13%), early bronchopleural fistulas in 7 (11%), and postpneumonectomy syndrome in 5 (8%). These major complications had a high mortality.
Respiratory function, ASA class, and age over 70 years are the main prognostic factors for hospital morbidity and mortality after pneumonectomy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The underlying principle of the surgical treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is complete removal of the local/regional disease within the thorax. Pulmonary resection should be as conservative as possible without compromising the adequacy of tumor removal. A multitude of factors influence the incidence and severity of complications following pulmonary resection including the pre-operative physical and psychological status of the patient, the pathologic process requiring resection, the physiologic impact of the procedure, and the addition of pre-operative or postoperative adjuvant therapy. The insidious onset of interstitial changes on chest X-ray (CXR) 1 to 2 days after pulmonary resection forewarns of respiratory distress; however, the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with progression to respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and advanced critical care often unfolds. Management of patients with severe respiratory failure remains primarily supportive. "Good critical care" is the mainstay of therapy: this includes gentle mechanical ventilation to avoid ventilator-induced barotrauma and over-extension of remaining functional alveoli, diuresis, infection identification and management, and nutritional support. New therapeutic strategies that may impact on outcomes in the adult population include pressure-limited ventilation (permissive hypercapnia), inverse ratio ventilation, high-frequency jet ventilation, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, intratracheal pulmonary ventilation, and prone position ventilation. In addition, alternative therapies such as partial liquid ventilation, inhaled nitric oxide, and extracorporeal techniques including extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), extracorporeal carbon dioxide removal (ECCO(2)R), intravascular oxygenation (IVOX), and arteriovenous carbon dioxide removal (AVCO(2)R), provide additional modalities. A component of some or all of these strategies is finding a role in clinical practice.
Seminars in Surgical Oncology 04/2000; 18(2):183-96. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2388(200003)18:23.0.CO;2-C
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