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    ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of apoptosis plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. Our aim was to investigate the association of Caspase 9 and Caspase 8 gene polymorphism with bladder cancer (BC) susceptibility. We undertook a case-control study of 212 (BC) cases and 250 controls to investigate the association between Caspase 9-1263A > G, Caspase 9-293del, and Caspase 8-6 N ins/del polymorphism and BC susceptibility by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method, and further to study the influence on recurrence in patients after Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy. Overall, no statistically significant association was observed in Caspase 9-293del and Caspase 8. Nevertheless, Caspase 9-1263GG genotype was at reduced risk of BC [p = 0.010; odds ratio (OR) = 0.487]. Caspase 9-1263AG genotype was also observed to be significantly associated with reduced risk with high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) (TaG(2-3), T1G(1-3)) and invasive tumors (T2 +) of BC (P = 0.042, OR = 0.39 and P = 0.013, OR = 0.028 respectively). Caspase 9-293del, heterozygous (-/+) genotype, too, demonstrated protective effect in high-risk NMIBC (P = 0.017; OR = 0.205). Haplotype analysis revealed variant genotypes Caspase 9AG + GG/Caspase 8 DI + II to be at reduced risk of BC (= 0P.014, OR = 0.47). The GG genotype of Caspase 9-1263 was associated with reduced risk for recurrence in BCG-treated patients [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.217, P = 0.005], thus showing increased recurrence-free survival (log-rank P = 0.024). Polymorphism in Caspase 9-1263 was observed to play a protective role in susceptibility to BC risk. Caspase 9 gene variants were also associated with reduced risk of NMBIC stages. The variant G allele at Caspase 9-1263 may be responsible for increased recurrence-free survival in BCG-treated patients.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 06/2009; 16(7):2028-34. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated effects of ring size choosing strategy for Shang Ring male circumcision. 74 cases were recruited and assigned into the larger or smaller ring group. Compared to the larger ring group, there was shorter operation time (7.5±1.9 vs.6.7±1.4 min, P =0.035), and less blood loss (1.6±0.7 vs. 1.1±0.8 ml, P =0.014) in the smaller ring group. The smaller ring group also exhibited shorter healing duration than the larger ring group (22.3±4.1 days vs. 24.4±4.5 days, P =0.041). When the measured size does not fit into commercially available size, it is better to choose the smaller one.
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 09/2012; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our understanding of the pathogenesis of bladder cancer has improved considerably over the past decade. Translating these novel pathobiological discoveries into therapies, prevention, or strategies to manage patients who are suspected to have or who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer is the ultimate goal. In particular, the chemoprevention of bladder cancer development is important, since urothelial cancer frequently recurs, even if the primary cancer is completely removed. The numerous alterations of both oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes that have been implicated in bladder carcinogenesis represent novel targets for therapy and prevention. In addition, knowledge about these genetic alterations will help provide a better understanding of the biological significance of preneoplastic lesions of bladder cancer. Animal models for investigating bladder cancer development and prevention can also be developed based on these alterations. This paper summarizes the results of recent preclinical and clinical chemoprevention studies and discusses screening for bladder cancer.
    Journal of Oncology 01/2011; 2011:528353.