Organizational cosmopolitanism and innovativeness.

The Academy of Management Journal (Impact Factor: 5.61). 07/1983; 26(2):332-8. DOI: 10.2307/255980
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose ‐ Despite the undisputed importance of organizational innovation and decades of academic research on the subject, there is surprisingly little agreement on what innovativeness is or how to achieve successful innovation in practice. Furthermore, the difference between the theory and practice is often interpreted in an ad hoc manner, which limits the potential for innovation to provide a competitive advantage. This research aims to explore perceptions of innovativeness from the perspective of senior managers in the hotel industry from a sample of 11 high-class hotels located in the developing country of Iran. Design/methodology/approach ‐ A stratified purposeful sampling method will be employed, in which in-depth interviews with top managers and owners will be carried out over a five-month period. Meaning units (MUs) will be extracted, which are compared and discussed with the interviewees until a basic agreement of terms can be made. Findings ‐ The findings relate to themes such as Leavitt's diamond of task, structure, people and technology, with technology featuring quite strongly in a number of responses. It reflects how top managers and owners perceive that innovativeness can gain a competitive advantage by differentiating one hotel from another; and the role of national culture in developing that advantage. There are implications that a strong relationship with government and local business stakeholders could underpin innovativeness at local and regional level. Originality/value ‐ This research provides a valuable contribution to the understanding of some important drivers of innovativeness in the context of the hotel industry in a developing country.
    03/2014; 5(1). DOI:10.1108/JHTT-12-2012-0036
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    ABSTRACT: What factors affect the adoption of e-commerce among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)? In this study, e-commerce adopters are classified according to White et al.'s (1998) labels, namely traditionalist, straddler, and innovator. Interview data collected from 84 firms are used to illustrate a hypothesis-testing methodology linking various decision-maker, innovation, and environmental characteristics with the propensity to adopt online marketing.
    Journal of Marketing Management 04/2004; 20(3):409-429. DOI:10.1362/026725704323080470
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    ABSTRACT: This paper maps out the Literature on innovation in organizations in terms of three theoretical perspectives. These are referred to as the individualist perspective, the structuralist perspective, and the interactive process perspective. The perspectives provide the reader with a framework both for organizing this voluminous literature, and for understanding the key theoretical and methodological differences that are evident within this field.
    Organization Studies 01/1996; 17(1):107-129. DOI:10.1177/017084069601700105 · 2.33 Impact Factor


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May 20, 2014