Molecular cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding a larval cuticle protein of Bombyx mori.
ABSTRACT Cuticle proteins termed LCPs are the major protein components of the larval integument of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. We purified an 18 kDa LCP (LCP18) from the guanidine hydrochloride extract of the larval cuticle and identified an LCP18 cDNA clone. The deduced primary structure and mRNA expression pattern of LCP18 are similar to those of other Bombyx LCPs and to several cuticle proteins identified in other insect species. RNA blot analysis demonstrated that the biosynthesis of LCP18 is regulated in a stage-dependent manner at the level of mRNA in epidermal cells. An in vivo study using a juvenile hormone analogue suggested that juvenile hormone positively regulates expression of LCP18 mRNA during larval intermolt stages.
- Developmental Biology - DEVELOP BIOL. 01/1991; 144(2):369-378.
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ABSTRACT: The study of insect cuticular proteins and their sequences is of interest because they are involved in protein-protein and protein-chitin interactions which confer the mechanical properties and fine architecture of the cuticle. Moreover, in the coleopteran Tenebrio molitor there is a dramatic change in cuticular architecture between pre- and postecdysial secretion. We report the isolation, by differential screening, and the sequence characterization of a cDNA clone encoding a cuticular protein of T. molitor, ACP17. After insertion in the expression vector pEX1, the recognition of the fusion protein by an anti-cuticular monoclonal antibody confirmed the cuticular nature of ACP17. Northern hybridization analysis showed that ACP17 mRNA expression begins weakly 3 days before adult ecdysis and strongly increases during the secretion of postecdysial adult cuticle, with a maximum just after ecdysis. In situ hybridization revealed that the ACP17 mRNA is only present in the epidermis which secretes hard cuticle. The deduced amino acid (aa) composition exhibits a high content of Gly (28%) and Ala (20%) and, particularly, two poly(Gx) stretches separated by repetitive motifs with proline AAPVA. A comparison is made with other cuticle aa sequences.Gene 05/1995; 156(2):259-64. · 2.20 Impact Factor
Article: Insect cuticular proteins[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Insect cuticles are composite structural materials with mechanical properties optimal for their biological functions. The bulk properties of cuticles are to a large extent determined by the interactions between the various components, mainly the chitin filament system and the proteins. The various cuticular types show pronounced differences in mechanical properties, and it is suggested that these differences can be related to the properties of the individual proteins and to the degree of secondary stabilization (sclerotization).The amino acid sequences, which have been obtained for insect cuticular proteins either by direct sequencing of purified proteins or by deduction from corresponding DNA-sequences, are listed according to insect order and species.Extensive sequence similarity is observed among several cuticular proteins obtained from different insect orders. Other cuticular proteins are characterized by repeated occurrence of a few small motifs consisting mainly of hydrophobic residues. The latter group of proteins has so far only been reported from stift cuticles.The possible relevance of the various motifs and repeats for protein interaction and the mechanical properties of cuticles is discussed.Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 03/1995; · 3.23 Impact Factor