The subarcuate canaliculus and its artery--a radioanatomical study.
ABSTRACT The anatomy of the subarcuate canaliculus (SAC), subarcuate fossa (SAF) and subarcuate artery (SAA) was studied in 12 cadavers and 35 dry temporal bones. Each cadaver was scanned with high resolution CT (HRCT) prior to microdissection. The SAC was always found to be a single canal located between the two arcs of the anterior semicircular canal in both microdissections and HRCT scans and the internal acoustic meatus was observed to be located just inferior to the SAC. The SAC was on average of 9.2 mm in length and 1 mm in width. The SAF was situated at a distance of 4.2 mm from the internal acoustic meatus, 3.5 mm from the groove for the superior petrosal sinus, 6.7 mm from the opening of the vestibular canaliculus and 11.5 mm from the most superior part of the jugular foramen. The SAA was found to originate from the anterior inferior cerebellar artery in 9 cadavers and from the internal auditory artery in 3 cadavers. The SAA always emerged from the main artery outside the internal acoustic meatus. It ran through the SAC as a single artery. This study investigated CT correlated anatomical aspects of the subarcuate canaliculus and its artery which is claimed to be responsible for the blood supply of the mastoid antrum, facial canal and bony labyrinth.
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ABSTRACT: The relationship of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) to the facial (7th) and vestibulocochlear (8th) nerves was studied using 3x to 20x magnification in 50 cerebellopontine angles (CPAs) from 25 adult cadavers. The AICA originated from the basilar artery as a single (72% of the CPAs), duplicate (26%), or triplicate (2%) artery. Each of the 50 CPAs had one or more arterial trunks that coursed in close proximity to the 7th and 8th cranial nerves and thus were said to be nerve-related. The nerve-related arterial trunks were divided into three segments based on their relationship to the nerves and meatus: the premeatal, meatal, and postmeatal segments. The meatal segment projected to the meatus or into the canal in 64% of the CPAs. In relation to the nerves, the premeatal segment was most commonly anteroinferior, the meatal segment was inferior, and the postmeatal segment was posteroinferior. The nerve-related branches of the AICA gave rise to internal auditory arteries in 100% of the 50 CPAs, recurrent perforating arteries in 82%, and the subarcuate artery in 72%. The internal auditory and recurrent perforating arteries arose most commonly from the premeatal segment, and the subarcuate artery arose most commonly from the postmeatal segment. There were one to four internal auditory arteries per CPA, zero to three recurrent perforating arteries, and zero or one subarcuate artery. The effects of occlusion of the nerve-related arteries and their involvement in conditions treated by neurosurgeons are reviewed.Neurosurgery 06/1980; 6(5):483-507. · 2.53 Impact Factor
Article: The subarcuate artery in man.The Laryngoscope 02/1970; 80(1):69-79. · 1.98 Impact Factor