A small nucleolar RNA:ribozyme hybrid cleaves a nucleolar RNA target in vivo with near-perfect efficiency.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 07/1999; 96(12):6609-14. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.12.6609
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A hammerhead ribozyme has been localized to the yeast nucleolus by using the U3 small nucleolar RNA as a carrier. The hybrid small nucleolar RNA:ribozyme, designated a "snorbozyme," is metabolically stable and cleaves a target U3 RNA with nearly 100% efficiency in vivo. This is the most efficient in vivo cleavage reported for a trans-acting ribozyme. A key advantage of the model substrate featured is that a stable, trimmed cleavage product accumulates. This property allows accurate kinetic measurements of authentic cleavage in vivo. The system offers new avenues for developing effective ribozymes for research and therapeutic applications.

Download full-text


Available from: Dmitry Samarsky, May 16, 2014
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Selection may prove to be a powerful tool for the generation of functional RNAs for in vivo genetic regulation. However, traditional in vitro selection schemes do not mimic physiological conditions, and in vivo selection schemes frequently use small pool sizes. Here we describe a hybrid in vitro/in vivo selection scheme that overcomes both of these disadvantages. In this new method, PCR-amplified expression templates are transfected into mammalian cells, transcribed hammerhead RNAs self-cleave, and the extracted, functional hammerhead ribozyme species are specifically amplified for the next round of selection. Using this method we have selected a number of cis-cleaving hammerhead ribozyme variants that are functional in vivo and lead to the inhibition of gene expression. More importantly, these results have led us to develop a quantitative, kinetic model that can be used to assess the stringency of the hybrid selection scheme and to direct future experiments.
    RNA 09/2009; 15(11):2035-45. DOI:10.1261/rna.1635209 · 4.62 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Homology-dependent gene silencing, a phenomenon described as cosuppression in plants, depends on siRNAs. We provide evidence that in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is missing the RNAi machinery, protein coding gene cosuppression exists. Indeed, introduction of an additional copy of PHO84 on a plasmid or within the genome results in the cosilencing of both the transgene and the endogenous gene. This repression is transcriptional and position-independent and requires trans-acting antisense RNAs. Antisense RNAs induce transcriptional gene silencing both in cis and in trans, and the two pathways differ by the implication of the Hda1/2/3 complex. We also show that trans-silencing is influenced by the Set1 histone methyltransferase, which promotes antisense RNA production. Finally we show that although antisense-mediated cis-silencing occurs in other genes, trans-silencing so far depends on features specific to PHO84. All together our data highlight the importance of noncoding RNAs in mediating RNAi-independent transcriptional gene silencing.
    Genes & development 08/2009; 23(13):1534-45. DOI:10.1101/gad.522509 · 12.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cotranscriptional cleavage mediated by a hammerhead ribozyme can affect alternative splicing if interposed between an exon and its intronic regulatory elements. This has been demonstrated using two different alternative splicing systems based on alpha-tropomyosin and fibronectin genes. We suggest that there is a requirement for intronic regulatory elements to be covalently attached to exons that are in turn tethered to the elongating polymerase. In the case of the alternatively spliced EDA exon of the fibronectin gene, we demonstrate that the newly identified intronic downstream regulatory element is associated with the splicing regulatory protein SRp20. Our results suggest that targeted hammerhead ribozyme cleavage within introns can be used as a tool to define splicing regulatory elements.
    RNA 03/2008; 14(2):359-66. DOI:10.1261/rna.615508 · 4.62 Impact Factor