Epidural analgesia and active management of labor: effects on length of labor and mode of delivery.
ABSTRACT To determine whether cervical dilatation at the time of placement of patient-requested epidural affects cesarean rates or lengths of labors in actively managed parturients.
The charts of 255 women randomized to active management of labor (n = 125) or control protocols (n = 130) were reviewed and stratified to early epidural placement (up to 4 cm cervical dilatation) versus late placement (more than 4 cm).
Women with early epidural placement had shorter labors than those with late placement (11.6 +/- 4.6 versus 13.2 +/- 5.6 hours; P = .02). Active management reduced the length of labor compared with controls regardless of epidural timing, with a reduction of 1.4 hours in early epidural placement (10.9 +/- 4.7 versus 12.3 +/- 4.3 hours; P = .04) and 3.6 hours in those with later placement (11.0 +/- 3.6 versus 14.6 +/- 6.2 hours; P = .004). Cesarean rates did not vary significantly (early 14.5% versus late 7.9%; P = .21). Early epidural placement did not lengthen the second stage of labor or increase operative vaginal delivery rates.
Early epidural placement did not affect lengths of labor or cesarean rates and was actually associated with shorter labor compared with late epidural placement. Women managed actively in labor, regardless of timing of epidural placement, had shorter labors than controls.
SourceAvailable from: Fahad Javaid Siddiqui[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pain during childbirth is arguably the most severe pain some women may experience in their lifetime. Epidural analgesia is an effective form of pain relief during labour. Many women have concerns regarding its safety. Furthermore, epidural services and anaesthetic support may not be available consistently across all centres. Observational data suggest that early initiation of epidural may be associated with an increased risk of caesarean section, but the same findings were not seen in recent randomised controlled trials. More recent guidelines suggest that in the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labour. The choice of analgesic technique, agent, and dosage is based on many factors, including patient preference, medical status, and contraindications. There is no systematically reviewed evidence on the maternal and foetal outcomes and safety of this practice.Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) 10/2014; 10(10):CD007238. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007238.pub2 · 5.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Labor pain is probably the most painful event in a woman's life. By the present consensus, epidural analgesia is the most effective and least depressive treatment for labor pain. Recent systematic reviews concluded that the risk of cesarean delivery or instrumental vaginal delivery for women receiving early epidural analgesia has not increased. However, studies designed for discussing this topic in Taiwan are few. In this study, the association of the intervention timing with labor outcomes in nulliparous women in Taiwan is discussed. We performed a retrospective chart review in parturients who underwent epidural analgesia for labor pain. Only nulliparae were included and divided into four groups based on the cervical dilatation width of 1, 2, 3, and 4 cm when they underwent epidural analgesia. We retrieved each patient's demographic characteristics, the course of labor and delivery, and the management of epidural analgesia from the medical chart. A total of 799 nulliparae was included. The numbers of parturients with cervical dilatation width of 1, 2, 3, and 4 cm were 119, 338, 258, and 84 respectively. There was no significant difference in demographic factors, regimen of epidural analgesia, loading volume, and anesthesiologist in charge among the four groups. The percentages of cesarean delivery in the four groups were 27.73%, 20.71%, 15.89%, and 20.24%, respectively, and there was no significant difference among these four groups (p = 0.0651). The incidences of instrumental delivery in four groups were 13.51%, 14.59%, 18.65%, and 21.43% respectively, and there was no significant difference among these four groups either (p = 0.2278). Our results revealed that the timing of epidural intervention affects neither the cesarean delivery rate nor the instrumental delivery rate on nulliparae in Taiwan with the cervical dilatation width ranging from 1 cm to 4 cm. The fear of increasing cesarean section rate after early epidural analgesia is unfounded. Women in labor can choose pain relief at any time.09/2013; 51(3):112-5. DOI:10.1016/j.aat.2013.09.001