Hepatitis C virus-related fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis after cardiac transplantation: is azathioprine a contributory factor?
ABSTRACT We report a patient who acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection at cardiac transplantation, developing fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH) with early liver failure and a fatal outcome. FCH is a recently described clinicopathological entity characterized by a cholestatic pattern of serum liver enzyme abnormalities, a progressive course leading to liver failure, and a pathological picture defined by periportal fibrosis, neutrophilic infiltrates and signs of histological cholestasis. Although it was initially described secondary to hepatitis B virus infection, it has also been recently related to HCV infection. Some histopathological features consistent with azathioprine hepatotoxicity like cholestasis, perisinusoidal fibrosis, veno-subocclusive lesions and nodular regenerative hyperplasia were also observed in this case. Therefore, a direct cytopathic effect of HCV and the concurrent pathogenic role of azathioprine hepatotoxicity may be involved in the development of this complication of transplantation.
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ABSTRACT: Fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis in a specific histologic manifestation of hepatitis B virus infection consisting of periportal fibrosis, hepatocyte ballooning, cholestasis, a relatively scant inflammatory infiltrate, and marked overexpression of hepatitis B viral antigens in hepatocytes. Until recently, fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis had been reported only in recipients of liver allografts. In this report, we present two patient in whom this lesion developed following renal transplantation. Both patients had previous liver biopsies showing relatively mild histologic changes. In one patient, the lesion developed early after retransplantation, during the period of maximal immunosuppression. However, in the second patient this lesion developed after withdrawal of immunosuppression. In both cases, death occurred within a few months because of progressive liver disease. Since this lesion can develop in "relatively healthy" hepatitis B carriers following transplantation of organs other than liver, these patients should have careful monitoring of their liver disease. Moreover, since the disease may progress despite withdrawal of immunosuppression, these patients would clearly benefit from the development of more effective therapies for posttransplant hepatitis B.Transplantation 03/1996; 61(3):378-81. · 3.78 Impact Factor