Transplantation of fetal liver tissue suspension into the spleens of adult syngenic rats: effects of various mitogens and cytotoxins on cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms expression and on P450 mediated monooxygenase functions.
ABSTRACT Syngenic fetal liver tissue suspensions were transplanted into the spleens of adult male Fisher 344 inbred rats. Four months after surgery, transplant recipients and age matched control rats were treated with various mitogens (fluorene [FEN], fluorenone [FON] and 2-acetylaminofluorene [AAF]) or cytotoxins (allyl alcohol [AAL], bromobenzene [BBZ] and carbon tetrachloride [CCl4]) or the respective solvents 24 or 48 hours before sacrifice. The expression of three cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms, 1A1, 2B1 and 3A2, within spleens and livers was assessed by immunohistochemistry and P450 mediated monooxygenase functions in spleen and liver 9000 g supernatants by the model reactions ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation (EROD), ethoxycoumarin O-deethylation (ECOD), and ethylmorphine N-demethylation (EMND). The orthotopic livers of both solvent treated transplant recipients and control rats displayed only in few lobules a slight P450 1A1, but in all lobules a moderate P450 2B1 and 3A2 expression, all mainly located in the hepatocytes around the central veins. Correspondingly, regular EROD, ECOD and EMND activities were observed. Each of the three mitogens increased the P450 1A1 expression in the hepatocytes of the perivenous zones of the liver lobules. FON administration caused an additional P450 1A1 immunostaining in the periportal areas, and AAF treatment a P450 1A1 expression in bile duct epithelia. Also the staining for P450 2B1 and 3A2 in the hepatocytes of the perivenous and intermediate zones of the liver lobules was intensified after treatment with any of the mitogens. The three model reactions were significantly increased within the livers after FEN and FON administration, whereas after AAF treatment only ECOD was enhanced, EROD remained unaffected and EMND was decreased. The cytotoxin AAL caused small lesions and fatty degeneration of hepatocytes only in some periportal areas. BBZ only produced a perivenous necrosis of single cells, whereas CCl4 caused complete necrosis of the centrilobular parenchyma. Immunohistochemically, AAL administration led to an increase in the P450 2B1 expression in the perivenous hepatocytes, whereas the staining for P450 1A1 was not affected and that for P450 3A2 was even decreased in the periportal areas. Due to AAL treatment EROD and EMND activities were not affected and ECOD activity was increased. BBZ administration caused a P450 1A1 expression in the periportal hepatocytes but a decrease in this staining of the perivenous cells. The number of hepatocytes positively stained for P450 2B1 and 3A2 in the perivenous and intermediate zones was diminished in comparison to the livers of solvent treated rats. After BBZ treatment, EROD and EMND activities were decreased, ECOD activity was not affected. CCl4 administration caused a strong reduction in the expression of all three P450 isoforms and in the activity of all three model reactions. Spleens of control rats displayed almost no P450 isoforms expression and P450 mediated monooxygenase functions, without as well as after treatment with the mitogens or cytotoxins. Similar to adult liver, the hepatocytes in the transplant containing spleens showed nearly no P450 1A1, but a noticeable P450 2B1 and 3A2 expression. No staining was observed within the bile duct cells of the intrasplenic transplants.
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ABSTRACT: Rat livers display a sex-specific cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms expression pattern with consecutive differences in P450-mediated monooxygenase activities, which have been shown to be due to a differential profile of growth hormone (GH) secretion. Parallel to previous investigations on P450 isoforms expression, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the influence of recipient gender on P450-mediated monooxygenase activities in intrasplenic liver tissue transplants in comparison to orthotopic liver. Fetal liver tissue suspensions of mixed gender were transplanted into the spleen of adult male or female syngenic recipients. Four months after grafting transplant-recipients and age-matched controls were treated with beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), phenobarbital (PB), dexamethasone (DEX) or the vehicles and sacrificed 24 or 48 h thereafter. P450-dependent monooxygenase activities were assessed by a series of model reactions for different P450 subtypes in liver and spleen 9000 g supernatants. In spleens of male and female control rats only very low monooxygenase activities were detectable, whereas with most model reactions distinct activities were observed in transplant-containing organs. Livers and transplant-containing spleens from male rats displayed higher basal ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase and testosterone 2alpha-, 2beta-, 6beta-, 14alpha-, 15alpha-, 15beta-, 16alpha-, 16beta- and 17-hydroxylase activities than those from females. On the other hand, like the respective livers, spleens from female transplant-recipients demonstrated more pronounced p-nitrophenol- and testosterone 6alpha- and 7alpha-hydroxylase activities than those from male hosts. With nearly all model reactions gender-specific differences in inducibility by BNF, PB or DEX could be demonstrated in livers as well as in transplant-containing spleens. These results further confirm that the P450 system of intrasplenic liver tissue transplants and the respective orthotopic livers is similarly influenced by recipient gender.Toxicology 06/2004; 197(3):199-212. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Rat livers display a sex-specific cytochrome P450 (P450) isoforms expression pattern which is regulated by a differential profile of growth hormone (GH) secretion. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether liver cell transplants at an ectopic site are also subject to this influence. Fetal liver tissue suspensions of mixed gender were transplanted into the spleen of adult male or female syngenic recipients. Four months after grafting transplant recipients and age-matched controls were treated with beta-naphthoflavone (BNF), phenobarbital (PB), dexamethasone (DEX) or the solvents and sacrificed 24 or 48 h thereafter. Livers and intrasplenic transplants were evaluated for the expression of the P450 subtypes 1A1, 2B1, 2E1, 3A2 and 4A1 by means of immunohistochemistry. The livers of both male and female rats displayed nearly no P450 1A1, but a distinct P450 2B1, 2E1, 3A2 and 4A1 expression. Whereas no sex differences were seen in the P450 1A1 expression, the immunostaining for P450 2B1, 3A2 and 4A1 was stronger in males and that for P450 2E1 in females. Similarly, in the intrasplenic liver cell transplants almost no P450 1A1, but a noticeable P450 2B1, 2E1, 3A2 and 4A1 expression was observed. Like in the respective livers, the immunostaining for P450 2B1, 3A2 and 4A1 was stronger in the transplants hosted by male than by female rats, whereas the opposite was the case for the P450 2E1 expression. Both in livers and transplants with some sex-specific differences P450 1A1 and 2E1 expression was induced by BNF, that of P450 2B1 by BNF and PB, and that of P450 3A2 by PB and DEX. These results indicate that the P450 system of ectopically transplanted liver cells is influenced by the gender of the recipient organism like that of the orthotopic livers.Toxicology 07/2003; 188(2-3):171-86. · 4.02 Impact Factor