Interleukin 17, a T-cell-derived cytokine, promotes tumorigenicity of human cervical tumors in nude mice.
ABSTRACT Interleukin (IL) 17 is a proinflammatory cytokine secreted mainly by activated human memory CD4 T cells that induces IL-6, IL-8, and nitric oxide. Because IL-6 and IL-8 have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer, we investigated the action of IL-17 on human cervical tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo. We showed that in vitro, IL-17 increases IL-6 and IL-8 secretion by cervical carcinoma cell lines at both protein and mRNA levels. No direct effect of IL-17 on in vitro proliferation of cervical tumor cell lines could be demonstrated. However, two cervical cell lines transfected with a cDNA encoding IL-17 exhibited a significant increase in tumor size as compared to the parent tumor when transplanted in nude mice. This enhanced tumor growth elicited by IL-17 was associated with increased expression of IL-6 and macrophage recruitment at the tumor site. A potential role of IL-17 in modulation of the human cervical tumor phenotype was also supported by its expression on the cervical tumor in patients with CD4 infiltration. IL-17 therefore behaves like a T-cell-specific cytokine with paradoxical tumor-promoting activity. This may partially explain previous reports concerning the deleterious effect of CD4 T cells in cancer.
- SourceAvailable from: Qiuyang Zhang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays important roles in inflammation, autoimmunity, and cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine if IL-17 indirectly regulates macrophage differentiation through up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in the cancer cell lines.Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association. 07/2014; 46(3):297-306.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives Based on previous screening results, the cytotoxic effect of the hexane (JDH) and ethyl acetate extracts (JDE) of the marine sponge Jaspis diastra were evaluated on HeLa cells and the present study aimed at determining their possible mechanism of cell death.Methods Nuclear staining, membrane potential change, flow cytometry analysis of cell cycle distribution and annexin V staining were undertaken to investigate the effects of JDE and JDH. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance were used to characterize an isolated bioactive molecule.Key findingsJDE displayed an IC50 25 times more significant than the JDH. Flow cytometry analysis revealed JDE induced apoptosis in HeLa cells accompanied by the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential. Fractionation of JDE resulted in the isolation of the known cytotoxic cyclodepsipeptide, Jaspamide.Conclusions Taking our results together suggest that JDE can be valuable for the development of anticancer drugs, especially for cervical cancer. Further investigations are currently in progress with the aim to determine and isolate other bioactive compounds from this extract.Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 05/2014;
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The process of cancer immunoediting generates a repertoire of cancer cells that can persist in immune-competent hosts. In its most complex form, this process begins with the elimination of highly immunogenic unedited tumor cells followed by the escape of less immunogenic edited cells. Although edited tumors can release immunosuppressive factors, it is unknown whether unedited tumors produce cytokines that enhance antitumor function. Utilizing gene microarray analysis, we found the cytokine interleukin 17D (IL-17D) was highly expressed in certain unedited tumors but not in edited mouse tumor cell lines. Moreover, forced expression of IL-17D in edited tumor cells induced rejection by stimulating MCP-1 production from tumor endothelial cells, leading to the recruitment of natural killer (NK) cells. NK cells promoted M1 macrophage development and adaptive immune responses. IL-17D expression was also decreased in certain high-grade and metastatic human tumors, suggesting that it can be targeted for tumor immune therapy.Cell Reports 04/2014; · 7.21 Impact Factor