Quality of adjuvant chemotherapy in primary breast cancer in a non-trial setting. A comprehensive cancer centre study. The Breast Cancer Group of the Dutch Comprehensive Cancer Centre East (IKO).
ABSTRACT The quality of adjuvant chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) and the compliance with guidelines for this treatment were studied in 323 premenopausal patients with node positive breast cancer, who were treated in the Comprehensive Cancer Centre East of The Netherlands (IKO) from 1988 to 1992, outside the setting of a clinical trial. The interval surgery-chemotherapy, the duration of chemotherapy, dose intensity (DI) and relative dose intensity (RDI) of CMF chemotherapy and validations of dose modifications were evaluated. 295 of 323 patients (91%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. CMF chemotherapy was used in 230 patients (78% of the chemotherapy receiving patients). The median time to the start of chemotherapy was 62 (range-35-139) days after surgery. Forty-two per cent of the patients finished their CMF chemotherapy within 168 days. Two per cent of the patients did not finish the six courses of CMF chemotherapy. The mean DI and RDI of the eligible patients in all CMF using hospitals were 80.4 +/- 28.8% and 78.2 +/- 28.4%, respectively. Aberrations of recommended guideline procedures resulted more often in suboptimal treatment than haematological toxicity. Adherence to the guidelines was variable and resulted in suboptimal adjuvant chemotherapy. The median follow-up of the patients treated in hospitals that agreed to the use of CMF was 5 years. The mean RDI of CMF in the eligible patients who relapsed was 72.2 +/- 32.7%, compared with 81.4 +/- 25.2% for the patients who did not relapse (P 0.01), suggesting a possible influence of the RDI on disease free survival. However, when the patients who did not receive chemotherapy were excluded, the mean RDI of the patients who relapsed was 85.0 +/- 12.6% and of the patients who did not relapse 87.4 +/- 12.6%, which was not significantly different (P = 0.20).
- SourceAvailable from: Winette T A Van der Graaf[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The impact of age and adjuvant therapy on contralateral breast cancer (CBC) risk and prognostic significance of CBC were evaluated. In 45,229 surgically treated stage I-IIIA patients diagnosed in the Netherlands between 1989 and 2002 CBC risk was quantified using standardised incidence ratios (SIRs), cumulative incidence and Cox regression analysis, adjusted for competing risks. Median follow-up was 5.8 years, in which 624 CBC occurred <6 months after the index cancer (synchronous) and 1,477 thereafter (metachronous). Older age and lobular histology were associated with increased synchronous CBC risk. Standardised incidence ratio (SIR) of CBC was 2.5 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.4-2.7). The SIR of metachronous CBC decreased with index cancer age, from 11.4 (95% CI 8.6-14.8) when <35 to 1.5 (95% CI 1.4-1.7) for > or =60 years. The absolute excess risk of metachronous CBC was 26.8/10,000 person-years. The cumulative incidence increased with 0.4% per year, reaching 5.9% after 15 years. Adjuvant hormonal (Hazard rate ratio (HR) 0.58; 95% CI 0.48-0.69) and chemotherapy (HR 0.73; 95% CI 0.60-0.90) were associated with a markedly decreased CBC risk. A metachronous CBC worsened survival (HR 1.44; 95% CI 1.33-1.56). Young breast cancer patients experience high synchronous and metachronous CBC risk. Adjuvant hormonal or chemotherapy considerably reduced the risk of CBC. CBC occurrence adversely affects prognosis, emphasizing the necessity of long-term surveillance directed at early CBC-detection.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 07/2008; 110(1):189-97. · 4.47 Impact Factor